​The highest rating. SUEK has become the leader of Russia’s sustainable development

The leading economic magazine of Russia “Expert” has published the third rating of sustainable development. According to him, SUEK has once again become a leader in this field. Rosneft, Sberbank, TMK and Norilsk Nickel also received high scores on the most important criterion for the development of the territories of their presence.

The social policy of the company is implemented by the fund “SUEK-REGIONS”. Thanks to him, tens of thousands of families across the country are improving their living conditions. In the study, experts noted that paying attention to creating a comfortable environment, developing the social infrastructure of the territories of presence, as well as supporting local communities are important aspects of the stability of the business of the ranking leaders in the long term.

According to the rest of the rating criteria, namely social support of employees, ecology and other indicators, SUEK also took the highest places. This once again brought her the position of a confident leader in the rating along with such companies as NLMK, Phosagro, TMK, Norilsk Nickel, Rosneft and Sberbank.

“We strive for a comprehensive improvement in the quality of people’s lives, which increases the interest in living in a specific territory, and it, in turn, helps our enterprises to work stably,” said Stepan Solzhenitsyn, CEO of SUEK.

SUEK has been repeatedly recognized as a leader in the field of sustainable development in Russia. The company has passed the ESG assessment of the S&P rating agency, occupies the top positions in reputable ESG ratings at the Russian and international levels, including in the RAEX Europe of the rating agency “Expert RA”, as well as in the ESG indices of the RSPP.

The other day, the highest level of social responsibility of SUEK was also confirmed by the project “Leaders of corporate charity”. The company entered category A (best practice) in the rating of charitable activities and social investments. She also won awards in the eponymous competition of social programs in nominations in such areas as health, education and ecology. In addition, SUEK became one of the first domestic companies to receive the official status of a partner of National projects.

Help:

SUEK is one of the leading coal mining and energy companies in the world, Russia’s largest coal producer, the largest supplier of coal to the domestic market and for export, one of the main producers of heat and electricity in the country. The mining, processing, energy, transport and service enterprises of SUEK are located in 12 regions of Russia. More than 70,000 people work at SUEK enterprises. The main shareholder is Andrey Melnichenko.

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In the UK, the interrogation of Rashkin in the case of illegal hunting has been completed

The first interrogation of the State Duma deputy from the Communist Party faction Valery Rashkin ended without charge, TASS reports.

Rashkin left the building of the IC in the Technical Lane, the interrogation lasted about four hours. As explained by the lawyer of the deputy Konstantin Lazarev, his client was not charged.

Recall that on November 25, the State Duma agreed to deprive Rashkin of parliamentary immunity and initiate criminal proceedings against him.

Earlier it was reported that the State Duma deputy from the Communist Party faction Valery Rashkin was summoned for questioning by the Investigative Committee in the case of violation of hunting rules as a suspect. According to investigators, the deputy on the night of October 28-29, together with accomplices, got a moose on the territory of the hunting farm “Winch” in the Saratov region. Rashkin did not have a hunting permit.  

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What kind of howitzer is the Coalition-SV, whose state tests will start in 2022?

The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation reports that state tests of the self-propelled howitzer “Coalition-SV” will begin in 2022. Their end is scheduled for September of the same year. During this time, a special commission will assess the reliability of the installation and how it meets the tactical and technical characteristics. If everything goes well, then the car will begin to enter the troops. АиФ.ги I found out what is known about the most modern Russian howitzer and for what tasks it is necessary for the Russian army.

Self-propelled howitzer Coalition-SV. Photo: Commons.wikimedia.org

Features

According to some experts, this is the most ambitious project for artillery troops in the last decade. The gun surpasses all existing domestic analogues.

This is a wheeled vehicle, and it has a number of advantages over tracked guns. In particular, it can move on general-purpose roads, and also has high mobility and high resource compared to tracked models.

Thanks to the most thoughtful automation, the howitzer can open fire at the touch of just one button. Ammunition is supplied by a specially designed robot, and calculations for maximum accuracy of the shot are performed by computer equipment on board.

According to experts who have studied all the available characteristics of the “Coalition-CB”, this self-propelled gun will help to increase the striking power of the Russian artillery several times. In addition, it significantly bypasses all such installations that are in service with NATO forces. Before that, no Russian artillery complex provided a firing range of 70 km.

Purpose

The ACS is designed to destroy important targets in the deep rear of the enemy – these are command posts, air defense and missile defense systems, field airfields, supply lines and rock roads. High mobility and rate of fire make it possible to effectively conduct counter-battery warfare while remaining invulnerable to enemy artillery.

What are ACS good for?

Self-propelled artillery units (self-propelled guns) were first used on the battlefields of the First World War, and were widely used during the Second World War. In modern conditions, the level of mobility is one of the key criteria that artillery must meet. An insufficiently mobile artillery installation can be destroyed in a matter of minutes by the enemy’s return fire.

With the improvement of weapons and detection means, the permissible time spent by a howitzer in one firing position was reduced to one minute. During this time, the gun must conduct high-intensity fire in order to quickly change its location. Accordingly, the higher the firepower of the gun, the shorter the time interval of its location at one point can be.

Development

Work on the creation of a new self-propelled howitzer “Coalition” began in the mid-2000s on the basis of the Central Research Institute “Burevestnik”. The new machine was supposed to surpass in its tactical and technical characteristics the already-in-service ACS “Msta-S”, as well as foreign models of guns of this class.

Already in 2006, one of the mock-up samples of the Coalition appeared, during the creation of which the achievements accumulated during the design of the self-propelled howitzer Msta-S were involved.

The new howitzer is significantly superior to the self-propelled gun “Msta-S” adopted in 1989. So, the firing range of the Coalition is from 50 to 70 km, while the Msta shoots at 25 to 29 km. At the same time, the “Coalition” carries 70 ammunition sets on board against 50 from the “Msta” and is capable of firing up to 23 rounds per minute, while the “Msta” can only do ten. “The coalition” can move along the highway surface at speeds up to 90 km/h, a crew of three people is needed to control the installation.

Adoption

On May 22, 2020, the Rostec State Corporation announced the delivery of the first batch of self-propelled howitzers to the Coalition-CB of the Russian Army.

In 2017, the Russian Defense Ministry signed a contract for the supply of an experimental batch of artillery systems “Coalition”. It was about buying ten cars. Serial deliveries of howitzers will start after the completion of all tests, which according to the plan should end in 2020. At the beginning of 2018, the Deputy Minister of Defense of Russia Yuri Borisov He said that the armed forces will receive 12 more 2C35 “Coalition-CB” installations, which will also be tested until the end of 2020.

https://iz.ru/1259811/aleksei-ramm-bogdan-stepovoi/udarnaia-ustanovka-v-rossii-nachinaiutsia-gosispytaniia-sau-koalitciia-sv?

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Overreacted. The United States will produce 480 new thermonuclear bombs by 2025

In the USA, 480 of the latest B61-12F thermonuclear aviation bombs will be manufactured and put on combat duty by 2025. This is three times more than the current arsenal of the country. The bombs are intended for use with fighters and bombers of the fifth and fourth generation, as well as with promising military aircraft of various types. New ammunition was able to plan and homing system.

At the end of November, it was reported that the United States had completed the development of a new tactical nuclear bomb B61-12 and would soon begin its mass production. It was reported that in 2022 they will be delivered to replace outdated versions of this aerial bomb (B61-3 and B61-4) to American warehouses in the continental United States and Europe.

According to various estimates, the United States currently has from 100 to 150 nuclear bombs in the European theater of operations for use by tactical aviation. And now there was a message that in a few years the United States plans to increase its arsenal several times. This number exceeds the arsenals of nuclear weapons at the disposal of China, France, Britain, Pakistan, India, North Korea and Israel.

The latest bombs are designed to be dropped from supersonic B-2 Spirit bombers, 5th generation F-35A block4 fighters, as well as older F-15E and F-16C/D, F/A-18, Eurofighter-Tornado. In addition, according to available data, they can be suspended from F-15E and F-16C/D, F/A-18, Eurofighter-Tornado aircraft of non-nuclear NATO member countries.  

The B61-12 bomb is distinguished by its ability to plan and homing head. The tail makes the bomb controllable and more accurate, which makes it possible not to lower it with a parachute, but to drop it from an airplane flying at high altitude. The dropped bomb autonomously plans towards the target for many kilometers, if necessary, “steering” to her.

Its power can vary from 0.3-1.5 to 10 or 50 Klt. The manufacturer of these weapons of mass destruction is the Pantex plant in Texas. Since the beginning of November, about a dozen similar munitions have already been made there. Recall that American nuclear weapons are currently deployed in Germany, Turkey, Belgium, the Netherlands and Italy.

The US National Nuclear Safety Administration (NNSA) last week reported that the production of new nuclear bombs was launched at the end of November at the Pantex plant in Texas. According to reports, the United States already has at least ten of these new munitions.

The B61-12 nuclear bombs are a modification of the previous versions of the B61-3, 4, 7, 10 and 11 ammunition. They are designed to equip the B-2 Spirit strategic stealth bombers and the B-21 Raider being developed, as well as American and other NATO fighter-bombers in Europe. America has already started supplying Poland with multifunctional fighter-bombers F-35A block4, adapted for throwing B61-12. There is an opinion that in the future, an American warehouse will also appear in this country, where ammunition will be stored.

Recall that this is the most powerful weapon in the world. A thermonuclear bomb can be made much more powerful than an atomic one. The explosive power of an atomic bomb is the result of an ultrafast release of energy, which occurs due to a chain reaction of nuclear fission of a heavy chemical element, for example, uranium-235 or plutonium. Thermonuclear bomb explosion(it is also called hydrogen) occurs in two stages. It begins with the detonation of an atomic bomb, called the initiator. As a result of this first explosion, conditions are created for the convergence of two hydrogen nuclei so that they can connect. This is the second stage, which is called synthesis.

Source:  https://www.interfax.ru/

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The Pope is ready to come to Moscow for a meeting with Patriarch Kirill

A new meeting between Pope Francis and Patriarch Kirill of Moscow and All Russia will take place in the foreseeable future. The pontiff announced this during a press conference on board the plane on his return from an apostolic trip to Greece and Cyprus, TASS reports.

According to the primate of the Roman Catholic Church, a meeting with Patriarch Kirill is “on the foreseeable horizon.” The pontiff said that Metropolitan Hilarion of Volokolamsk, head of the Moscow Patriarchate’s Department for External Church Relations, is due to visit him next week to coordinate the details of this event.

“I am always ready to go to Moscow. You don’t need protocols to talk to your brother,” the pontiff said.

The first meeting of the primates since the Great Church Schism in 1054, when the Catholic and Orthodox Churches were completely divided, took place in Havana on February 12, 2016.

This year, in Athens and Nicosia, Pope Francis communicated with the primates of the Cypriot Orthodox Church, Archbishop Chrysostomos II and the Greek Orthodox Church, Archbishop Jerome II. Commenting on these meetings, the pontiff expressed the opinion that the dialogue should be continued without waiting for the consent of theologians. “Theologians should continue to study, because it helps to come to unity, but in the meantime we are moving forward, praying together, doing good deeds,” stressed the primate of the Roman Catholic Church. – We can work and pray together. Unity begins today with this”.

The visit of Pope Francis to Greece and Cyprus lasted from the second to the sixth of December. On the occasion of such a historic event, hundreds of believers from neighboring countries gathered in Cyprus to take part in the ecumenical prayer that the pontiff performed at the Church of the Holy Cross in Nicosia.

Earlier, the Pope called the Mediterranean Sea “a big cemetery” because a huge number of refugees trying to reach the EU countries are dying there. He called for mercy to be shown to illegal migrants. The Russian Foreign Ministry reacted to the pontiff’s statement.

In October, Metropolitan Hilarion of Volokolamsk, head of the Moscow Patriarchate’s Department for External Church Relations, confirmed the information about a possible meeting of the primates of the Russian Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches. 

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What weapons will be deployed on the remote Kuril island of Matua?

The Russian Ministry of Defense showed video footage from a new base on one of the islands of the Kuril ridge Matua. Calculations of the coastal missile system “Bastion” have been deployed for the first time and have taken up duty on this remote island in the central part of the Kuril Ridge. АиФ.ги I was figuring out what kind of Russian infrastructure would appear on this island in the Pacific Ocean and why new weapons were transferred here.

What kind of island?

Matua is a small island, its area is 52 square kilometers. The length is only 11 kilometers, and the width is 6.4 kilometers. A significant part of its area is occupied by hills, rocks and the active Sarycheva volcano with a height of 1446 meters, which has long covered 96% of the Matua area with volcanic rocks and ash. Tourists who visited it celebrate the beauty of the local nature.

At the same time, the island, which has become the new base of the Russian Navy, is located almost in the middle of the Kuril Ridge. The convenient location of the island allows you to control and cover the key ocean area for Russia in the Far East. It is here that the main areas of deployment and combat duty of Russian nuclear-powered strategic missile cruisers with intercontinental ballistic missiles are located. 

What was placed on the island?

Coastal missile systems «Bastion» have been deployed to Matua. Each launcher carries two supersonic anti-ship missiles “Onyx” with a range of up to 300 km. The missiles are capable of launching a large first-rank warship to the bottom. The complexes can find targets both independently, with the help of radars, and act on external targeting. Together with the missiles already deployed in Kamchatka and the southern Kuriles, they provide a wide control zone.

According to the Ministry of Defense, a modular autonomous military camp has been deployed on the territory of the island, in which premises have been created designed for year-round service, accommodation, recreation and nutrition of personnel. Technical posts are also equipped, equipment and material storage facilities are deployed, entrances to the starting positions are equipped. The crews will be able to carry out combat duty and conduct combat training.

What other infrastructure is there?

Military builders have already restored an old Japanese military airfield with a runway almost one and a half kilometers long, capable of receiving light transport aircraft, multi-purpose fighters such as Su-35 and Su-30SM, as well as front-line bombers such as Su-34.

There is no mooring infrastructure on the island, so equipment, personnel and material resources will be delivered to the island either by air or by large landing ships.

What other weapons can appear on the island?

In the near future, it is planned to deploy air defense systems, as well as various electronic warfare systems. Most likely, we are talking about the S-400 and S-300V4 long-range systems. Because it was the S-400s of the 1724th anti-aircraft missile Regiment that were transferred from the Jewish Autonomous Region at the beginning of this year to cover Sakhalin. And since December 2020, the S-300V4 air defense systems have started combat duty on another Kuril island – Iturup. To provide additional cover for such a group, the ZRAK “Pantsir-1C” and with electronic warfare means are usually sent.

History of Matua

Numerous fortifications and trenches left after the Second World War are still visible on the island. Japan, which controlled it at that time, created a powerful military base on the island for aircraft and ships. At its peak, its garrison reached 7 thousand soldiers. About a hundred machine-gun and artillery long-term firing points, underground passages were built on Matua. Three runways allowed aviation to operate in any wind direction.

At the end of August 1945, Matua was captured by a Soviet amphibious assault, almost 4 thousand Japanese soldiers were captured. After the war, a part of the USSR was located on the island for several decades, air defense radars were placed that controlled the airspace along the Kuril Ridge. In 2000, the Ministry of Defense left there, and the island became uninhabited.

The return took place in 2016. A joint expedition of 200 military and representatives of the Russian Geographical Society examined Matua, checked its chemical and radiation safety, and found fresh water sources. Even then, it was not hidden that preparations were underway to create a permanent military base on it.

This year, satellite images of the construction of the Russian base on Matua appeared in the Japanese media. Work on the island began in October.

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Manturov: Russia will create hydrogen turbines for power generation in 5-6 years

Russia will start creating hydrogen turbines over the next five to six years to convert part of the electricity generation to hydrogen. Denis Manturov, the head of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation, said this during a meeting of the Russian-Italian Council for economic, industrial, monetary and financial cooperation.

He invited Italian companies to take part in the implementation of Russian eco-projects. Manturov said he was aware of Italy’s ambitious plans for the development and practical application of hydrogen technologies. 

“We are also forming a corresponding reserve: prototypes of hydrogen buses have been created in Russia and we plan to start mass production of commercial vehicles using this energy carrier already in 2023,” TASS quotes the head of the Ministry of Industry and Trade.

Earlier it was reported that more than 9 billion rubles will be allocated for the development of hydrogen energy in Russia. Deputy Minister of Energy of the Russian Federation Pavel Sorokin suggested that hydrogen production in Russia will become profitable in 10-12 years.

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A schoolboy with a parachute. How is patriotism brought up in Moscow?

Moscow education manages a very difficult thing. It would be easiest to reduce military-patriotic work with schoolchildren to high-sounding slogans that mean little to modern children on solemn lines on another memorable date. Instead, meetings with those who have accomplished the feat, educational quests, skydiving, military translation with professional linguists and other memorable and educative events. The director of the Moscow Center “Patriot” told about them in an interview with “AIF”.Sports» Marat Kuchushev.

Dusty exhibits are a thing of the past

Inna Aleynikova, АиФ.ги:Commemorative events are held in all schools to mark the 80th anniversary of the Battle of Moscow. Is there a common scenario for them?

Marat KuchushevThere is no need for this, because teachers and schoolchildren have a huge number of their own ideas. It is enough to look at what a variety of school museums are working today. There is a museum in almost every school, sometimes more than one. An outdated opinion that a museum is a room that opens a couple of times a week to look at dusty exhibits. There is no such thing in sight! Last year we awarded the best school museums in Moscow in the “Heroes Cup” competition. 75 winning schools received awards.

In the spring of this year, a competition of expositions about the people’s militia was announced. Schoolchildren and teachers organized them, picked up material for exhibitions. In Soviet times, there was little open information about the militia. Many people died from divisions formed in Moscow, where ordinary people went at the behest of their hearts, many of them did not know how to handle weapons, but immediately went to the front line. On October 11, 2021, the capital celebrated the Day of the Moscow People’s Militia for the first time. In schools, on the territory of which the formation of divisions took place in 1941, there weresolemn lines and rallies, “Lessons of courage”, excursions and exhibitions, meetings with the descendants of the militia. In addition, in mid-December, the results of the contest “In Memory of the feat of the People’s Militia of Moscow in the Battle for Moscow” will be summed up. We are holding it together with the Moscow City Duma. More than 200 educational organizations of the capital took part in it. Now the final stage is underway: teachers of 12 finalist schools conduct open lessons and extracurricular activities at expositions and exhibitions that they created specifically for the competition.

Photo: press service of the Patriot Center.Sports»

— By what criteria do you evaluate expositions at competitions?

The selection of exhibits, communication with descendants, the quality and reliability of information provided to visitors, etc. Many children were very inspired to work in the museums of their schools by the passage of the quest “Feat of the People” in the Victory Museum. This exhibition about how Victory was forged in the rear was visited and will still be visited by students of Moscow schools. The action is not a one-time, but a permanent one. The mayor made a gift to schoolchildren, and more than 100 thousand people will pass the quest this academic year alone.

— You rather strictly evaluate school museums. So their level is high?

Yes, the situation has changed a lot in a positive way. By the way, the school museum standard is currently being developed in Moscow. The requirements will take into account where this or that exhibition is located: in a separate office, in the lobby or on the street. A list of equipment that, in our opinion, is necessary for the school museum has also been prepared: scanners for digitizing data about exhibits, computers, panels for daily demonstration of historical materials, exhibitsQR codes can be placed so that the child comes up, points the phone and finds out everything about this thing – where it was found, who it belonged to, how it got to school. The main thing is that the museum should become a center where children come not just to see, but where they conduct research, communicate with each other, establish contacts with other schools, from which large joint projects grow. Every child and adult in our country should not forget at what price the Victory came.

Photo: press service of the Patriot Center.Sports»

Fees for 10th graders with simulators

It is clear from your story that museums keep up with the times. And what other options are there to make the military-patriotic theme far from a formality?

Now children have a different format for perceiving information, so it should be presented in a different way. Teenagers like video content, videos in Tiktok, where everything is fast and short. This trend can also be seen on educational platforms. For example, the Moscow Electronic School has short video tutorials in all subjects. Educational texts are necessaryadd links to movies and videos, that is, give information in a comprehensive way: where to watch and read. Of course, children get a lot from live communication, meetings with Heroes of Russia, military, cosmonauts, law enforcement officers have the strongest educational effect. This is not the same as a portrait of a hero on the wall or a story in a textbook.

Photo: press service of the Patriot Center.Sports»

In May, more than 5 thousand Moscow schoolchildren took part in patronage actions in memory of the militia heroes: monuments to participants of the Great Patriotic War, the defense of Moscow, heroes of the Soviet Union and Russia were put in order. Who are these children? Why do some people do this and others don’t?

— When there is an active person in the school — director, deputy, teacher of the cadet class or a teacher who lives and burns with it, — then the guys light up. For example, the headmaster of school No. 709 Vladimir Druzhinin a man with an active civic position, he has cadet classes, and the unarmeist movement, and hikes, where he himself goes with children as an older comrade. Patronage actions, care of monuments are a natural thing for the children of most schools and colleges, for them the love of the Fatherland, the memory of their ancestors is not an empty phrase.

— What does your center do «Patriot.Sports»?

Our institution, subordinate to the Department of Education and Science of the city of Moscow, has various areas of activity, all of them relate to sports and military-patriotic education. We supervise the Unarmeist movement in the city, conduct an educational project “Cadet class at the Moscow school”, conduct five-day training camps for10th graders and college students, we organize sports competitions in schools. Also in our structure there is a Marine Center named after Peter the Great, where pupils are engaged in additional education. Two clubs are open there: the club of young marines named after Hero of Russia Andrey Dneprovsky and the club of young sailors named after Hero of Russia Konstantin Somov.

Photo: press service of the Patriot Center.Sports»

In parental chats, mothers ask each other cautiously what five-day fees are. Please give me first-hand information.

— This is an educational program designed for 35 hours, on the school subject «Fundamentals of Life Safety ». Teachers from their schools are with the children at the training camps, and our teachers conduct the training camps. In order to cover all children who have the opportunity to attend classes for health reasons, they are accepted in severalplaces. Someone comes to the educational and methodological center “Avangard” in the park “Patriot”. At the disposal of the boys are simulators, simulators of armored training, skydiving, laser shooting range, etc. Also, schoolchildren are waiting for a health and educational camp “Patriot” in Tuchkovo of the Ruzsky district and a number of military units.

In each administrative district

— How is the project developing with cadet classes in Moscow schools?

Cadet classes were opened for the first time on the 70th anniversary of the Victory. In 2021, there are cadets in 261 schools, more than 26 thousand children study in grades 7–11. They study the history of Russia in depth, undergo drill and fire training, engage in sports and creativity, master programs in almost 20 profiles: these are profiles of different types of troops of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the FSB, the FSO, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Ministry of Emergency Situations, etc. Career guidance takes place on the basis of partner universities, where studentsthey try themselves in professions, get their first special skills and knowledge. For example, the Moscow State Linguistic University is engaged in military translation. Cadets who have chosen the profile of the aerospace forces attend classes at Lomonosov Moscow State University and MAI, study astronomy and mathematics, try themselves in designing and prototyping unmanned aerial vehicles, 3D modeling and programming.

Photo: press service of the Patriot Center.Sports»

Explain how the Cadet movement differs from the “Unarmia”?

— Cadets receive general secondary education in schools, admission to cadets — from the 7th grade. And “Unarmia” is a public children’s movement that is not directly related to general education disciplines, everyone can join it, starting from the age of 8. In Moscow this autumn we celebrated the fifth anniversary of the “Unarmia”. In 2016, the movement started with 500 people, and now there are more than 30 thousand yunarmeytsev in the city. The Moscow headquarters is headed by Colonel-General, Hero of Russia Vladimir Shamanov. His deputy – Major General, Hero of Russia Gevorg Isakhanyan. These people inspire and teach children by their example and authority.

— We see how the yunarmeytsy pass on May 9 during the parade on Red Square. And what do they do during the year?

— For Muscovites 11–18 years old, we provide free training in a modular specialized program «Moscow yunarmeets». The program is unique. Four modules: «Rescue and survival in emergency situations », «Open sky», «Only the brave conquer the seas » and «The Young Defender of the Fatherland». So, the module “Open Sky” includes courses “Young military pilot”, “Young aircraft designer”, “Operator of unmanned aerial vehiclesaircraft». And in the module “Young Defender of the Fatherland”, in addition to shooting and self-defense courses, the course “Young parachutist” is included. Since the launch in 2017, many schoolchildren have been trained and successfully performed parachute jumps.

—Where do the yunarmeits study?

The headquarters of the “Unarmia” are open in every administrative district of Moscow. All information is available on the website of the Moscow Patriot Center.Sports». We invite everyone!

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The heaviest snowfall in the entire post-war history is expected in Moscow

In Moscow, a record amount of snow may fall on Tuesday for December 7 for the first time since 1949. This was announced by the leading employee of the weather center “Phobos” Evgeny Tishkovets on his Instagram page.

The forecaster said that in 1949, on this day, 12.7 mm of precipitation fell into the precipitation meters of the VDNH base weather station. The coming Tuesday may repeat the record and even exceed it, Tishkovets believes. 

He noted that the reason for the snowfall is the hollow of the Balkan cyclone. Tishkovets warned that especially heavy snow will fall in the period from 9 to 15 hours, and visibility will deteriorate to 500-1000 meters. At this point, the snowdrifts will grow to 15-17 cm . According to the expert, such snowdrifts appear at the beginning of winter no more than once every five years.

Precipitation will weaken only in the evening. Due to the snowfall, the road situation will worsen, and there may also be disruptions in air traffic. 

“Thus, the upcoming snowfall for the meteorological history on December 7 may be the strongest in the last 72 years. Nevertheless, the daily record for the whole of December will remain for 1981, when 23 mm of precipitation fell in 24 hours,” concluded Tishkovets.

Earlier it was reported that in St. Petersburg, the night of December 6 turned out to be the coldest in the last 128 years. The thermometer columns dropped to almost 21 degrees below zero.

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In the Russian Federation, it was proposed to introduce computer science lessons from the first grade

Parents from different regions of the country told what is missing in computer science lessons – according to the majority, children need more practice, as well as learning the basics of programming. The results of a survey commissioned by the GeekBrains educational platform were reported on Monday by the Rossiyskaya Gazeta.

The study involved more than 3.5 thousand people whose children are in school.

Nine out of ten parents are convinced that computer science teaching materials are becoming obsolete faster than IT technologies are developing.

Over 70% of respondents believe that students do not have enough practical classes, and teachers do not understand the trends in the development of the IT sphere well enough. Two-thirds of respondents reported that schools lack modern computers. Every second wants his children to learn programming languages.

Almost half of the respondents were in favor of studying computer science from the first grade; 82% are convinced that more attention should be paid to computer science at school.

As Alexander Volchek, CEO of GeekBrains, told the publication, commenting on the survey results, studying computer science from early childhood develops logic, attention, creativity, and the ability to analyze facts.  

Meanwhile, in November, the Ministry of Science and Higher Education approved the list of entrance exams to universities. Computer science and information and communication technologies (ICT), as well as physics, chemistry, and a foreign language are included in the list of tests that, if necessary, will be set by the educational organization itself. 

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