Weekly magazine “Arguments and Facts” No. 8. Protection of the Fatherland – in the first place 23/02/2022
The new Baikal aircraft, which will replace the AN-2, is equipped with a parachute rescue system. How does it work?
In emergency situations, a parachute will be released from the tail of the aircraft, with the help of which the landing will take place. The system, when the parachute saves the entire plane, appeared back in 1982. It is used in small aircraft. Over 40 years, she has saved the lives of 300 people.
But for large aircraft, the development is not suitable – no parachute can withstand the weight of the liner, and even with passengers. So far, there are only projects, and not the entire plane will be saved, but only the passenger cabin.
So, the inventor of the knapsack parachute G. Kotelnikov in 1923 proposed to place people in a separate capsule, which in case of an accident is dropped by parachute.
Engineer V. Tatarenko in 2010 came up with a new type of liner: the entire passenger cabin is suspended from the skeleton of the aircraft and, in case of danger, it is disconnected from it. His parachute system lands him.
In the project “Air Rescue” 2006, each cabin of the aircraft is a separate compartment. In a critical situation, the tail section opens, and the cabin compartments roll out, similar to how military equipment is dropped in the airborne troops.
Inventor N. Topalov In 2011, he received a patent for a passenger seat with a parachute in the back. The seats are on rails and in case of an accident are automatically fed to the exhaust hatch, where they are dumped overboard. The main thing is that the passenger does not forget to fasten himself to the seat.
The author of the most controversial project is Moldovan engineer A. Balan. He suggested a few seconds before the crash of the plane to spray a foamy substance in the cabin, filling the entire space inside. It is assumed that it can save passengers when the liner hits the ground.