Why was the bill on the indexation of pensions for working pensioners rejected?

The government gave a negative opinion on the bill on the resumption of indexation of insurance pensions to working pensioners, thereby rejecting it. The document is published in the electronic database of the State Duma.

Why did the Cabinet of Ministers reject the bill?

The government’s conclusion says that the return of indexation will require additional costs. At the same time, the authors of the draft law did not indicate in the financial and economic justification for the document from which sources and in what order funds should be allocated, the government commission on legislative activity said in its response.

What is the bill?

The bill in question was developed by a group of deputies of the LDPR faction and a senator Sergey Leonov. They submitted the document for consideration to the State Duma on July 26, 2021. 

The initiative assumed that the indexation of insurance pensions for working pensioners would be resumed from January 1, 2022. To do this, it was proposed to amend part 12 of Article 21 of the Federal Law “On insurance pensions” and to recognize as invalid Article 261 of this Federal Law, according to which the insurance pension and the fixed payment to the insurance pension to working pensioners are indexed, but are paid without taking into account the amounts of adjustment of their size.

In the explanatory note to the document, its authors indicated that after the abolition of the indexation of pensions for working pensioners in 2016, the number of such pensioners in Russia decreased from 15.3 million to 9.6 million people. At the same time, most of them began to work illegally so that insurance premiums would not be paid against them. As a result, regional and local budgets received less personal income tax, and extra-budgetary funds, including the Pension Fund of Russia (FIU), received cash receipts.

The legislators also noted that the lack of pension indexation is unfair to working pensioners and contradicts part 6 of Article 75 of the updated version of the Constitution of the Russian Federation.

The financial and economic justification for the draft law states that its adoption will entail additional expenses of the FIU in the amount of 524.6 billion rubles. It was proposed to finance them through the use of funds from the National Welfare Fund, as well as part of the federal budget surplus.

What does the rejection of the bill mean?

The recall of the government commission on legislative activity on the draft on the indexation of pensions to working pensioners concerns a specific document, and not the idea of pension indexation as such, the Ministry of Labor said. 

The project was rejected because of its lack of development. The draft laws supported by the government should contain specific mechanisms for ensuring obligations, the ministry explained.

The Ministry of Labor added that the government is constantly working to analyze and improve forms of social support. If necessary, it introduces additional, targeted support measures.

How is the work being done to return the indexation of pensions to working pensioners?

Pensions of working pensioners have ceased to be indexed since January 1, 2016, in order to reduce the deficit of the FIU. Since that time, the issue of resuming indexation has been repeatedly raised, several draft laws have been prepared. Previously, the government issued negative opinions on such initiatives in 2017, 2019 and 2020.

Several bills on the return of indexing were prepared in 2021. In early April, the Legislative Assembly of Sevastopol submitted a corresponding draft law to the State Duma. It is still under preliminary consideration.

On September 3, a similar bill was submitted to the State Duma by deputies of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation. They also noted that the abolition of pension indexation provoked the termination of the work of some pensioners and turned out to be economically unprofitable for the state. They estimated the cost of resuming the measure at 681.3 billion rubles. 

In January 2021, the President of Russia Vladimir Putin I instructed the government to submit proposals on the indexation of pensions of working pensioners. In February, the Ministry of Labor announced that it had sent them to the Cabinet of Ministers. 

On July 23, RIA Novosti, citing a source in the Russian Trilateral Commission for the Regulation of Social and Labor Relations, reported that the heads of the Ministry of Labor, the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Economic Development Anton Kotyakov, Anton Siluanov and Maxim Reshetnikov was instructed to work out the issue of including the indexation of pensions for working pensioners in the federal budget for 2022

Sources:

sozd.duma.gov.ru

vedomosti.ru

tass.ru

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Helmut Oberlander, an accomplice of the Nazis, died in Canada

The Nazi criminal Helmut Oberlander died at the age of 98 in Canada, without waiting for deportation, the CBC TV channel reports.

According to available information, the Nazi accomplice died on September 22 at his home in Ontario, surrounded by relatives.

In Russia, Oberlander is accused of involvement in the murder of more than 200 children from an orphanage in 1942. According to the investigation, during the war he served as an interpreter in the SS-10 Sonderkommando, this unit was involved in a number of crimes in the Kuban in 1942 and 1943, in particular, in the mass murder of children in Yeysk.

In 2017, the court found Helmut Oberlander guilty of committing war crimes and deprived him of Canadian citizenship. Oberlander was supposed to be deported, in early September, the immigration department of the Council of Canada suspended hearings on his deportation from the country.

Earlier, the TFR opened a case on the fact of the execution of civilians by the Nazis near Orel during the Great Patriotic War.

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With a light hand. Tests of a new belt-powered machine gun have begun

Tests of prototypes of the new RPL-20 light machine gun have begun in Russia. It is made on the basis of a tape power supply, which somewhat reduces the mobility of the owner, but increases the rate of fire. The weapon will have to confirm the characteristics determined by the technical task. This was told by the chief designer of JSC “Concern ” Kalashnikov”, where the machine gun is produced.

The RPL-20 is based on military reviews collected during field tests of the RPK-16 machine gun, which was considered as a replacement for the Soviet RPK-74. Previously, Kalashnikov was also actively engaged in the development of a hand-held machine gun on magazine power.

The weapon was designed on the basis of solutions obtained during the development work on the AK-12 submachine gun and the RPK-400 light machine gun. In February 2019, limited batches of the RPK-16 machine gun began to enter the Russian army for trial operation. However, the results of military operation forced the Russian Defense Ministry to clarify the requirements for weapons. In particular, they demanded to change the store food to tape.

“Kalashnikov” is developing a new machine gun on an initiative basis: the first prototype of a belt-powered light machine gun was shown a year ago. The use of stores is not provided for in the terms of reference. Therefore, we can conclude that the machine gun will be designed for conducting a defensive battle, when it is not necessary to change the position often.

It is known that the RPL-20 is being developed for a 5.45 by 39 mm caliber cartridge. It is equipped with an adjustable polymer butt and a Picatinny rail, which allows you to install various types of optical and collimator sights on it. The remaining characteristics of the machine gun have not yet been disclosed.

The RPK-16 machine gun, which became the starting point in the development of the RPL-20, also uses 5.45 by 39 mm cartridges. The weapon provides a rate of fire at the level of 700 rounds per minute. The machine gun weighing 4.5 kilograms received replaceable barrels and a telescopic butt.

Currently, the developers have reached the stage of testing prototypes, which are carried out in order to confirm their compliance with the requirements of the tactical and technical task.

Help:

The magazine in multi-shot firearms (carbines, rifles, pistols, machine guns, automatic guns, etc.) is a box, disk, drum or tube that serve to place cartridges in a certain order. The tape also serves to connect the cartridges together. With belt feeding, the supply of cartridges is carried out at the expense of the energy of the machine gun or with the help of a special drive.

The main advantage of the tape is its large capacity, usually from 50 to 300 cartridges. When connecting several tapes (usually metal) with a separate cartridge, the capacity increases. Sometimes the tapes are so large that they are even transferred separately from the machine gun. Although you have to pay for the capacity with the complexity of the product’s execution and linear dimensions, it’s worth it. Magazine power is more compact and convenient, for example, when using it, the tails of cartridge belts do not hang down. But the inevitable price for increased mobility is a clear decrease in the combat rate of fire.

However, the Belgian company Fabrique Nationale bypassed the problem of choice by creating a “Mini” machine gun equipped with a full set of receivers at once: for a metal loose tape for 100 or 200 rounds of 5. 56×45 mm and for a 30-charge standard box magazine inserted at an angle from the left.

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Which animals are vaccinated against COVID-19?

Vaccination of animals has started in the zoos Franklin Zoo and Stone Zoo in the north-east of the United States. This is reported on the portal of New England zoos.

“Although we have not had cases of COVID-19 infection among animals at the Franklin Zoo and Stone Zoo, this vaccine is an important preventive measure to protect species that are susceptible to infection with the virus,” said a senior veterinarian at New England Zoos Chris Bonar.

Which animals are vaccinated in American zoos?

First of all, the vaccination will be given to animals that are at the greatest risk of contracting coronavirus. These are primates, cats (lions, tigers and snow leopards) and martens (ferrets and North American river otters).

Vaccination is carried out with a drug from Zoetis (a division of Pfizer). The vaccination consists of two doses, which are administered at intervals of four weeks.

Earlier, local media reported that bears, baboons, hyenas, etc. are also being vaccinated against coronavirus in other American zoos. It is noted that vaccination in zoos is carried out not only to protect the animals themselves, but also to reduce the risk of mutation of the virus in their body, and then re-transmission to people in a new form. 

Which of the animals are vaccinated against coronavirus in Russia?

The Rosselkhoznadzor announced the start of vaccination of animals against coronavirus at the end of May. It is carried out with the drug “Carnivac-Cov”, which became the first registered vaccine in the world for the prevention of COVID-19 among animals.

The Rosselkhoznadzor Register of Medicines states that the vaccine is intended for the prevention of coronavirus infection in fur-bearing animals, dogs and cats.

You can vaccinate your pet in private and public veterinary clinics that have purchased the vaccine from the manufacturer. 

The Rosselkhoznadzor previously reported that there is an increased interest in vaccination in the country among citizens with an active civil position,as well as among breeders, frequently traveling pet owners and those whose animals are on self-feeding.

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The Nobel Committee announced that due to the pandemic, the awards will be presented remotely

Plot The situation with the coronavirus in Europe

This year’s Nobel Prize laureates will receive awards in their countries due to the coronavirus pandemic, the organizers said.

Only representatives of the local audience will be able to attend the ceremony in Stockholm, scheduled for December 10, and the fate of the event in Oslo has not yet been decided.

A number of events of the “Nobel week” will be held, including in an online format.

“The laureates will receive medals and diplomas of the Nobel Prize in their countries. The awards will be combined with an award ceremony at the Stockholm City Hall with the participation of the local public. The Norwegian Nobel Committee still leaves open the possibility of hosting the Nobel Peace Prize laureates in Oslo. In mid-October, the committee will announce the format of the Nobel Prize celebration in Oslo, ” the press release says.

Earlier АиФ.ги he wrote about how the Nobel laureate Alexander Fleming, who discovered penicillin, lived, whose 140th birthday was celebrated this year.

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The court arrested a Syrian in absentia for the murder of a Russian pilot in Syria

On September 23, the Basmanny Court of Moscow arrested in absentia a Syrian citizen Adin bin Adan Ramadan, a person involved in the case of the death of a Russian pilot in Syria. This is reported by TASS with reference to the press service of the court.

As a preventive measure for the Syrian, the court chose an arrest in absentia for two months from the moment of his detention or extradition.

The Syrian citizen is accused in absentia on three articles: premeditated murder, abuse of the bodies of the dead, participation in an illegal armed formation.

The press service of the judicial instance also reported that Ramadan was declared an international wanted list.

Earlier, the Basmanny Court of Moscow arrested in absentia the militants who shot down the plane of Russian pilot Roman Filipov on February 3, 2018. 

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The Navy will receive two nuclear-powered ships, a diesel submarine and a corvette by the end of the year

By the end of this year, the first serial missile carrier of the project 955A (“Borey-A”) “Prince Oleg”, the nuclear-powered vessel of the project 885M “Novosibirsk”, the large submarine of the project 636.3 “Magadan” and the corvette of the project 20380 “Zealous” will enter the Navy service, TASS reports with reference to the deputy general director of the United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC) for the military shipbuilding of Vladimir Korolev. The vessels will be handed over to the customer by enterprises belonging to the USC.

In addition, this year’s plans include laying a frigate at the Northern Shipyard, two corvettes at the Amur Shipyard, a mine defense ship at the Sredne-Nevsky Shipyard and a medium tanker at the Nevsky Shipbuilding and Ship Repair Plant.

Also, after the repair is completed, it is planned to hand over the nuclear submarine of the project 671RTMK “Tambov”, the patrol ship of the project 11540 “Undaunted”and the mine defense ship of the project 1265 “German Ugryumov”.

In addition, it is reported that the cruiser “Admiral Nakhimov”will be tested in 2023. According to Korolev, during its modernization, many issues related to the ship’s energy, its weapons and electronic weapons have to be solved. Also, a large block of work is being carried out on the missile weapons complex.

The heavy nuclear missile cruiser of the project 1144.2 M (cipher “Orlan”) “Admiral Nakhimov” is undergoing repair and modernization at the enterprise “Sevmash” (part of the USC).

“Let’s still assume that we are in the schedule. And there are nuances, as usual. I think the cruiser will be tested in 2023, ” Korolev noted.

According to him, the very course of work at Nakhimov confirms that Severodvinsk shipbuilders can not only build nuclear-powered missile submarines, but also restore the technical readiness of such unique ships as the heavy nuclear cruisers of Project 1144 Orlan.

“Admiral Nakhimov” was under repair since 1999. Real work on it began in 2013. Earlier it was reported that the cruiser will be tested in 2021. The main result of the modernization will be a significant increase in the striking power of the ship. It will carry 10 universal ship firing gunscomplexes for eight cruise missiles «Caliber-NK & raquo; or«Onyx & raquo;. In the future, the vessel will receive hypersonic missiles “Zircon”.

Earlier, the lead submarine of the Lada project completed pilot operation.

It also became known that the Baltic Fleet in September will receive a “Grad” with “Calibers”.

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Is it true that it is forbidden to breed poultry and cattle on garden plots?

Recently, information appeared in the media about the ban on breeding farm animals, including chickens, on garden plots. The reason was the publication of the “Russian newspaper” that the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation confirmed the ban on keeping chickens and other agricultural animals on gardening lands. For violation, summer residents face a large fine.

What’s the story?

Specialists of the State Inspection of the Volgograd region for the use and protection of land found a chicken coop on the site of a resident of Volgograd. It was located on land intended for gardening. According to the law, such lands can only be used for recreation and/or growing crops for their own needswith the right to place garden and residential buildings, as well as outbuildings and garages on them.It is also allowed to place hives on them (with the consent of neighbors and subject to the Veterinary Rules for keeping honey bees…»). But poultry and livestock can be started on plots that belong to a personal subsidiary farm.

The inspectors concluded that the woman, having placed the chicken coop on the garden plot, used the land not for its intended purpose. And this is an administrative violation, for which a resident of Volgograd was issued a fine of 10 thousand rubles.

The woman did not agree with bringing to administrative responsibility and appealed to the court. She passed all the judicial instances, reaching the Supreme Court. However, even there she could not prove her case. The Supreme Court ruled that the woman used the land plot not for its intended purpose and was reasonably brought to administrative responsibility.

Is it true that by its decision the Supreme Court banned the keeping of chickens on garden plots?

There is indeed a ban on breeding chickens and other farm animals on garden plots. But it was not introduced by the Supreme Court, he said АиФ.ги lawyer Sergey Kormilitsin.

“There has always been a ban on breeding chickens and other agricultural animals on the lands of garden associations, this contradicts the purpose of the lands. The Supreme Court simply made a decision and confirmed the decisions of the lower courts, which approved the fine against the citizen.Such a decision of the Supreme Court itself does not create obligations for other citizens, a specific case was simply considered here. The Supreme Court expresses its opinion on a particular issue through the decisions of the Plenums, and not through the rulings on specific cases, ” the lawyer explained.

Can I be fined for chickens on a garden plot?

Yes, for breeding agricultural animals on land intended for gardening, they can be fined, but a citizen can challenge such a fine, says Kormilitsin.

“If another person raises chickens, he can also be fined. But he can challenge the fine. Success will depend on the specific circumstances of the case. The court can cancel the fine or simply express a different position, ” the lawyer notes.

What is the penalty for breeding chickens on a garden plot?

For breeding cattle and poultry on a garden plot, they can be brought to administrative responsibility under Part 1 of Article 8.8 of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation (“Use of a land plot not for its intended purpose in accordance with its belonging to a particular category of land and (or) permitted use”). It provides for a fine for citizens in the amount of 0.5 to 1 percent of the cadastral value of the land plot, but not less than 10 thousand rubles. If the cadastral value of the plot is not determined, the fine for citizens is from 10 to 20 thousand rubles. 

Sources:

“Rossiyskaya gazeta”

Bank of Judicial Decisions

Code of Administrative Offences of the Russian Federation

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An earthquake of magnitude 5.5 occurred in Transbaikalia

The US Geological Service reported that an earthquake of magnitude 5.5 was recorded in the territory of Transbaikalia in the Russian Federation.

The tremors were recorded at 17: 01 UTC (20.01 Moscow time) 55 kilometers south-west of the village of Novaya Chara. The hearth was located at a depth of 10 kilometers.

According to the service, information about the victims and destruction was not received.

Earlier, an earthquake of magnitude 4.9 occurred near the Kuril Islands. Its epicenter was located 310 kilometers northeast of the city of Kurilsk, which is home to about 1,700 people.

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Roskomnadzor has started creating a register of social networks in Russia

Roskomnadzor has started forming a register of social networks operating in Russia, TASS reports.

Instagram Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, TikTok, Likee, Youtube, VKontakte and Odnoklassniki are already included in the list, the press service of the ministry said. The management of these social networks has received appropriate notifications.

It is noted that thanks to the registry, it will be possible to more quickly remove dangerous information from social networks that requires an immediate response. For example, trash streams or other similar content.

The agency explained that citizens will be able to report resources with signs of a social network, as well as send other questions regarding interaction with the social network to the hotline. In turn, the owners of Internet resources will be able to go to their personal account for further interaction with Roskomnadzor.

Earlier it was reported that Roskomnadzor will be able to prohibit large foreign Internet resources that will not open branches or representative offices in the Russian Federation from collecting personal data of Russians. In addition, access to such a foreign information resource may be partially or completely restricted.

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