Will they cancel the early period of passing the Unified State Exam in 2022?

Rosobrnadzor does not plan to abandon the early stage of passing the unified state exam (USE) and will not introduce additional deadlines for passing the USE.

“The pandemic will pass, and we will work within the existing procedures. We will have spring for the exam, we will have September, we will have the main period. And it makes no sense to spend any more additional periods, ” said the head of Rosobrnadzor.Anzor Muzaev during the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum. 

Why don’t they want to introduce a year-round exam?

Passing the Unified State Exam is sharpened for a certain calendar period, and the results of the exams are relevant during this period.According to the head of Rosobrnadzor, the creation of year-round centers for passing the Unified State Exam would be relevant if Russian universities, like some universities in Europe, conducted enrollment twice a year.

The introduction of additional deadlines for passing the Unified State Exam is also considered inappropriate by Muzaev. 

“We conducted such an experiment a few years ago and gave everyone the right to take the Russian language and geography exam. Out of 85 subjects, no more than a hundred people showed up for two subjects. This is an unjustified story, because the regions are spending a lot of resources on it, and schools are breaking away from classes, ” the head of the department said. 

Will mathematics be returned to the number of compulsory subjects of the Unified State Exam in 2022? 

Rosobrnadzor plans to return mathematics to the number of compulsory subjects of the Unified State Exam next year. According to Muzayev, next year it will be necessary to pass the Russian language and mathematics of the basic or profile level in order to get a certificate.

This year, the unified State Exam (USE) in basic level mathematics was canceled. Graduates to continue their studies at universities must pass only the Unified State Exam in the Russian language and other subjects necessary for admission.

This year, almost 393 thousand people were registered for the Unified State Exam in specialized mathematics, including 360 thousand graduates of this year. 

What else will change when you pass the Unified State Exam? 

Rosobrnadzor intends to fully switch to the transfer of materials of the unified state exam (USE) to the regions via secure communication channels within the next two years. Now this technology works in 31 regions of the Russian Federation. The tasks on the day of the exam from the federal testing center in Moscow are delivered to the audience through secure channels.In about two years, we plan that all the regions of the Russian Federation will switch to this technology, and there will be no more disks. An hour before the exam, the subjects will all receive”raquo;,  & mdash; & nbsp; Muzaev said.

Источник aif.ru

In what cases can I refuse a medication purchased online?

Non-chain pharmacies will be able to sell medicines remotely from September 1, 2021. The drugs can be purchased on the marketplaces, with which the pharmacy organizations will conclude contracts.

How can I order medicines?

Medicines can be ordered via the website, the mobile app (if available), as well as by phone. When accepting orders, the owner of the aggregator must post information about the pharmacy’s help desk on the website or in the mobile app, as well as specify the phone number, email address, last name, first name, and patronymic (if any) of the pharmacy’s employee responsible for accepting orders.

Medicines will be delivered to the address specified when placing the order. Relatives or friends will be able to receive them after presenting a receipt or other document confirming the payment or the conclusion of a delivery contract.

Is it possible to refuse the delivered drug?

Yes, you can. You can do this before paying for the order. In this case, only the delivery service is paid. If the product is of poor quality, you can return it without paying anything at all, or require proper execution of the order.

You can also return the medicine if you brought the wrong drug or a different dosage by mistake.

What does improper product quality mean?

In accordance with the government decree, pharmacy organizations and persons delivering the order are responsible for the sale of counterfeit, counterfeit, substandard and unregistered medicines in the Russian Federation. 

Improper quality of the product is considered:

  • expired;
  • no mandatory information;
  • lack of instructions for the use of the drug;
  • inconsistency of the description of the drug in the instructions and the actual color, smell, shape, size, consistency and other indicators of the drug;
  • the presence of defective packaging (chipped, leaky packaging, fuzzy printing).

What will be the prices for medicines when selling them remotely?

As stated in the resolution, the retail price of the drug specified in the contract of sale (excluding the cost of delivery of the order) should not differ from the retail price of the drug in the pharmacy organization. 

Do I have to comply with the storage regime of drugs during delivery?

The order must be in a sealed package. If the medicine requires certain storage conditions, it must be brought in a special bag, separately from other drugs. Pharmacy organizations are responsible for storage conditions and quality.

Источник aif.ru

What kind of projectile to protect armored vehicles from high-precision weapons will appear in the Russian Federation?

The Central Research Institute of Precision Engineering (JSC “TSNIITOCHMASH”) has developed a new ammunition to protect armored vehicles from high-precision weapons. When a threat occurs, the protective shell is fired in the direction of the threat and creates a curtain of aerosol-dipole interference, “blinding” the guidance systems of high-precision ammunition of the enemy. found out how the new development will increase the survivability of armored vehicles on the battlefield.

TSNIITOCHMASH has created several generations of means of protection against high-precision weapons. The company has developed protective equipment for the PRP-4A Argus reconnaissance vehicle, the Uragan-1M MLRS, and other combat vehicles. Earlier it was reported that a new complex of protection of armored vehicles from high-precision guided munitions is being developed here. New complexit is based on the principle of optoelectronic suppression of targeting systems of attacking guided munitions, it includes equipment that records the shot and the firing sector, as well as a system for setting optoelectronic interference, which with the help of aerosol ammunition disrupts the control of the attacking projectile. Perhaps we are talking about a new ammunition.

It has a caliber of 76 mm, weighs 2.8 kilograms, other characteristics are not disclosed. Previously, classic white smoke was used in such ammunition, but it does not protect against radio waves. When a new munition is detonated, miniature dipole and mirror reflectors are released into the atmosphere, as well as other fine substances that can distort radio waves and blindoptoelectronic systems. Now the smoke protection will get an irregular appearance, when fired, it shimmers with all the colors of the rainbow and sparkles with flickering lights. Therefore, unlike similar systems of the previous generation, the new product has one and a half times increased the density of the combined curtain, which disorients ammunition with laser, optical, thermal and radar guidance.

The ammunition will be used as part of the defensive armament of existing and future models of armored vehicles in any climatic conditions. It will be unified for use with already well-established active protection systems, as well as in combination with modern electronic warfare systems.

The development of active protection systems for armored vehicles began in the USSR. In the 1980s, the Drozd system was created, which recorded enemy missile launches, fired a protective charge that hit an approaching munition with a fragmentation field. Then there was a modification of the complex “Drozd-2”, in which the number of launchers was increased, providing protection for armored vehicles from any direction. Later in the USSR, and then in the Russian Federation, other similar systems were developed, for example, the “Curtain-1” complex, which uses foranti-missile aerosol curtains that disrupt the targeting process. It was reported that at the moment, Russia is developing a complex “Afganit”, which can detect ammunition at a distance of up to several kilometers and use various means to “blind” them or defeat them. “Afganit” is intended for installation, in particular, on T-14 “Armata” tanks.Anatoly Tsyganok, head of the Center for Military Forecasting, believes that the new ammunition can radically increase the survivability of Russian armored vehicles on the battlefield.:

Modern armored vehicles are resistant to firing from different types of small arms and various projectiles, but a number of weapons systems pose a serious danger to them. These are, first of all, missiles with a cumulative warhead, they are capable of spot-burning even thick metal armor. Protect armored vehiclesvarious types of active protection help, for example, the Israeli Trophy complex fires small balls at missiles, and the new optoelectronic counteraction complex based on the Armata platform releases smoke grenades with smoke impassable for several types of radiation, the expert explained.

Источник aif.ru

The State Duma allowed to search for missing people by their geolocation

The State Duma at today’s plenary session adopted in the second reading a draft law that allows law enforcement agencies to obtain data on the location of mobile phones of missing citizens in order to find them. This is reported by TASS.

For the second reading, the document was supplemented with provisions on the need to receive a court decision within 48 hours from the start of the search, while the court must be notified within 24 hours after receiving information about the location of the missing person. Within 48 hours from the start of the search, law enforcement officers will have to obtain permission from the judicial authority or stop searching by geolocation.

According to the head of the Duma Committee on information Policy, Alexander Khinshtein, this will give “the opportunity to quickly and immediately search for people”. Also, according to the deputy, the revised bill will remove the contradiction between its provisions and the constitutional guarantees of communication secrecy and privacy.

The authors of the document were members of a group of State Duma deputies and senators led by the Chairman of the Federation Council Valentina Matviyenko. The bill was submitted to the lower house of Parliament in the fall of 2018. A year later, it was approved in the first reading. The initiative was prepared in accordance with the instructions of the President of the Russian Federation.

Источник aif.ru

Son of ex-official from Dagestan acquitted of murder of student

The Nikulinsky court of Moscow on Tuesday acquitted the son of a former high-ranking official from Dagestan, Mukhtar Medzhidov, on charges of murdering a MGIMO student, RIA Novosti reports. 

The day before, the young man was acquitted by the jury, which found that his guilt in the death of the girl was not proven.Relatives of the deceased tried to recover compensation in the amount of 30 million rubles from the defendant, but their civil claims were rejected.

Recall that the incident occurred in April 2018. A student from Kazakhstan, Tomiris Baysafa, fell out of a window on the fourth floor of the MGIMO building. According to witnesses, before that the girl found out the relationship with the young man. The student fell into a coma and died three weeks later.In 2020, the Basmanny Court of Moscow arrested the son of the former head of the government of the Republic of Dagestan, Mukhtar Medzhidov Murtuzali, who was accused of murdering a student. 

Источник aif.ru

The river level near Tulun has risen above the critical level

The governor of the Irkutsk region, Igor Kobzev, said in his Instagram that the water level in the Iya River, which flooded Tulun in 2019, rose above the critical level. 

Kobzev said that the river level in the city continues to grow, the road leading to the dachas is flooded.Currently, specialists are strengthening the old dam, as well as other weak points.

The authorities of the region have prepared two temporary accommodation points for 100 people, about 250 families still remain in the flood zone of 2019, while all received certificates for the purchase of new housing.

Earlier, in Tulun, the authorities put on high alert due to the rising water level in the Oia River.

It is worth recalling how at the end of June 2019, the first wave of flooding occurred near Irkutsk, as a result of which 109 settlements were flooded, 25 people were killed. The second wave of flooding occurred at the end of July of the same year, 475 residential buildings in 20 settlements of the region were flooded.

Источник aif.ru

Shoigu arrived in Dagestan, where he will conduct an inspection

Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu has arrived in the Southern Military District, where he will inspect the construction of new bases for the Caspian Flotilla, the Russian Defense Ministry said.

Shoigu will check in Makhachkala the point where surface ships are based, the base point under construction in Kaspiysk and the training base of the squadron for combating underwater sabotage forces and means.

The command of the Southern Military District and the Caspian Flotilla will report to the Minister on combat training and the organization of the training process.

The head of the Russian Defense Ministry will also assess the implementation of the state defense order at the Dagdiesel plant.

Yesterday it became known about the start of the Northern Fleet exercises in the Barents Sea, dedicated to working out the protection of the Arctic borders of the country.

Источник aif.ru

Near St. Petersburg, a high-alert mode was introduced

In the village of Kuzmolovo, Leningrad region, a high-alert mode was introduced due to the transfer from one department to another of an object with a potential radiation hazard, RIA Novosti reports.

This was reported to journalists by Vice-Governor for Security Mikhail Ilyin.

According to him, this decision was made to control the object at the time of the change of ownership.

Ilyin noted that sensors for monitoring the radiation situation are used for this purpose. Currently, no excess radiation background has been recorded, and the object itself does not pose a threat.

Also, the vice-governor stressed that information in connection with the introduction of a high-alert mode will be brought to the public on a daily basis.

Earlier it was reported that the Japanese government allowed to drain the purified water from the emergency Fukushima-1 nuclear power plant into the ocean. The Russian Foreign Ministry expressed “serious concern” about this decision.

Источник aif.ru

In memory of the Red Army Campaign. Belarus declares National Unity Day

Plot World History with Andrey Sidorchik

The events of September 1939, referred to in Russian historiography as the “Polish Campaign of the Red Army”, have been spoken about cautiously in the post-Soviet space in recent decades, for fear of hurting the delicate feelings of Europeans, especially Poles.

“Act of historical Justice”

The same, in turn, do not hesitate, stamping resolutions in which the Soviet Union and the Third Reich are assigned the same responsibility for the beginning of the Second World War, and the actions of the Red Army in the fall of 1939 are equated with the operations of the Wehrmacht. Meanwhile, the Polish campaign of the Red Army was an act of restoring historical justice to the Ukrainians and Belarusians. It is all the more surprising that in the newly independent countries this fact has long been tried, if not ignored, then not given it serious importance.

Leader of the Republic of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko On June 7, 2021, he signed Decree No. 206 on amendments to the list of public holidays, holidays and memorable dates in the country. From now on, Belarus will celebrate National Unity Day every year on September 17.

“This day has become an act of historical justice for the Belarusian people, who were divided against their will in 1921 under the terms of the Riga Peace Treaty, and is forever entrenched in the national historical tradition,” BelTA quotes the press service of the Belarusian president as saying. ” Today, the Belarusian people are united in choosing a strategic course for the development of a strong, sovereign and prosperous country. The establishment of the National Unity Day on September 17 emphasizes the continuity of generations, the inviolability and self-sufficiency of the Belarusian nation and statehood.

As noted, the unity restored in 1939 allowed Belarus to survive during the Great Patriotic War, take an honorable place in the international community, and become one of the co-founders of the United Nations.

Along the Curzon Line

There is no doubt that many in Europe, especially in Poland, will choke on coffee after learning about Lukashenko’s decision. For the Belarusian National Unity Day on September 17 directly strikes at the historical concepts carefully constructed in recent years.

Jozef Pilsudski in Minsk, 1919 Photo: Commons.wikimedia.org

Poland, which regained its independence after the First World War, was led by Jozef Pilsudski, was an extremely aggressive state. The Polish leader declared: “Enclosed within the borders of the sixteenth century, cut off from the Black and Baltic Seas, deprived of the land and mineral wealth of the South and Southeast, Russia could easily pass into the state of a second-rate power, unable to seriously threaten the newfound independence of Poland. Poland, as the largest and most powerful of the new states, could easily secure a sphere of influence that would extend from Finland to the Caucasus Mountains.

Fueled by France and Great Britain, Poland’s ambitions led it to a war with Soviet Russia, which went on with varying success.

In December 1919, the Supreme Council of the Entente proposed to establish as the eastern border of Poland a line that roughly divided the territories with a predominance of the Polish population on the one hand and the Ukrainian and Belarusian on the other. The line established in the note of the British Foreign Secretary, Lord Curzon, was called the “Curzon Line”. However, Pilsudski refused to comply with it, because he expected to move much further to the east.

Polish troops enter Kiev. Khreshchatyk, 1920. Photo: Commons.wikimedia.org

Warsaw invaders

In early May 1920, the Polish army occupied Kiev. But this was followed by a powerful blow from the Red Army, after which the existence of the Polish regime was called into question. In August 1920, the Battle of Warsaw, otherwise known as the “Miracle on the Vistula”, took place. The heavy defeat of the Red Army again tipped the scales in favor of the Poles.

The Riga Peace Treaty of 1921 recorded, in fact, a draw-neither side achieved its goals. Ukraine and Belarus began to exist in two guises-in the form of the Ukrainian SSR and the Belarusian SSR within the Soviet Union, as well as in the form of the eastern provinces of Poland. 

There was no question of any national autonomy of Belarusians and Ukrainians. Poland pursued a policy of assimilation of national minorities. If for Western Ukraine the situation of being under the rule of certain conquerors was already familiar for centuries, then the residents of Western Belarus were bitterly opposed to what was happening. Belarusians did not separate themselves from the Russian state, and the orientation of local residents to Moscow frankly irritated Warsaw. Since the early 1920s anduntil 1939, the Polish authorities carried out the most severe national policy, restricting the rights of Belarusians to education, to participate in political life, etc. Orthodox churches in Western Belarus were closed en masse, Belarusians were persuaded to convert to Catholicism, threatening forced relocation and forbidding Orthodox people to acquire land.

“Poland claims Soviet Ukraine and access to the Black Sea”

Relations between the USSR and Poland in the 1920s and 1930s were not very friendly. Moreover, Warsaw continued to dream of territorial gains in the East, looking hopefully at Adolf Hitler’s Third Reich. The alliance with Berlin allowed the Poles to participate in the partition of Czechoslovakia. In January 1939, Jozef Beck, the Polish Foreign Minister, spoke to the German Foreign Minister.Joachim von Ribbentrop said: “Poland claims Soviet Ukraine and access to the Black Sea.”

But then the Third Reich could not agree further. The Nazis were ready to take the Poles as a share in the division of Soviet lands, but only in exchange for their own territorial concessions. When no agreement could be reached, Berlin designated Poland as the new victim. The Soviet Union, having signed a Non-Aggression Pact with Germany in August 1939, provided an opportunity to sort out relations with Hitler to Poland and its old allies from Great Britain and France.

As they say today, in Moscow, they stocked up on popcorn and began to see what would come of it.

“We don’t mind them getting into a good fight and weakening each other.”

The German attack on Poland began on September 1, 1939, but the Western Allies, to put it mildly, were in no hurry. Only on September 3, Great Britain and France declared war on the Third Reich. The advance of the French troops into Germany began only on September 9, and already on September 12, the units that had passed about 10 km without resistance were ordered to stop due to the rapid developmentevents in Poland. And it really was fast. By September 5, the main line of Polish defense was breached, and on the same day the government left Warsaw. When the French army was ordered to stop the offensive, the Germans had already reached the middle course of the Vistula in a number of sections, crossed the Western Bug-Narev line, covering Warsaw from the east, and advanced to the San, crossing its upper reaches.

By September 14, Hitler’s troops were already on the territory of Western Belarus and Ukraine, they took Brest, surrounded Lviv. The Wehrmacht had no orders to stop the advance to the east. By September 21, the German armies could reach the state border with the USSR.

From the documents now published, it is clear that the Soviet Union did not interfere in what was happening as long as there was at least the slightest chance that Poland would be able to continue the fight, or that France and Great Britain would launch full-scale actions against Germany. Head of the Comintern Georgy Dimitrov In his diary on September 7, 1939, the Soviet leader wrote the following words: “The war is going on between two groups of capitalist countries (poor and rich in terms of colonies, raw materials, etc.) for the redistribution of the world, for the domination of the world! But we don’t mind them getting into a good fight and weakening each other… The destruction of this state [Poland] under the present conditions would mean one less bourgeois fascist state! What would be wrong if, as a result of the defeat of Poland, we extended the socialist system to new territories and populations?

“Poland has become a convenient field for all sorts of accidents and surprises”

Of course, the Soviet Union remembered Western Belarus and Western Ukraine, the Curzon Line, historical justice, and its own interests. But in this fight, the Polish “hyena of Europe” was given a chance to fight back, either by itself or with the help of the Western allies. But Poland against the Wehrmacht was militarily untenable, andFrance and Great Britain only imitated military aid to Warsaw. When it became clear that Germany would inevitably occupy all Polish territories, including Western Ukraine and Western Belarus, the Red Army stepped in.

At three o’clock in the morning on September 17, 1939, the Deputy People’s Commissar for Foreign Affairs of the USSR, Potemkin, read out a note.to the Polish Ambassador to the USSR Grzybowski And what was wrong with that note? By September 17, the USSR had little choice: either to give the Ukrainians and Belarusians under the control of the Reich, or to start sending troops into the zone of its strategic interests.

First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill in a speech on 1 October 1939, he stated: “The fact that the Russian armies had to stand on this line was absolutely necessary for the security of Russia against the Nazi threat. In any case, this line exists, and an Eastern Front has been created, which Nazi Germany will not dare to attack. When Mr. Ribbentrop is onlast week he was summoned to Moscow, he had to learn and accept the fact that the implementation of the Nazi plans in relation to the Baltic countries and Ukraine must be finally stopped.

Belarus has realized everything. The case for Ukraine

Chief of the General Staff of the Polish Army Vaclav Stachevich The troops are disoriented by the behavior of the Bolsheviks, because they mostly avoid opening fire, and their commanders claim that they came to the aid of Poland against the Germans. The Soviet soldiers for the most part do not shoot, they treat our soldiers with demonstrative sympathy, share cigarettes, etc., and everywhere repeat that they are going to help Poland.

Soviet cavalry enters Lviv, 1939 Photo: Commons.wikimedia.org

Documents of that time show that in Western Belarus, in Western Ukraine, the Soviet troops were met as liberators. The historic reunification of both the Belarusian and Ukrainian people took place in September 1939. And no matter what they think in Warsaw or Brussels, but neither Ukraine nor Belarus in the modern borders without the Polish campaign of the Red Army would simply not exist. This fact should have been recognized long ago. However, flirting with the nationalists, who would rather drown themselves than admit that the historical task of reuniting the people was solved by the Bolsheviks, led by Comrade Stalin, prevented this.

Источник aif.ru

The captain of the Japanese schooner is suspected of negligence due to the accident with the ” Cupid»

The plot of the collision of a Russian merchant ship with a Japanese fishing schooner.

The coast guard of the Japanese city of Mombetsu handed over to the prosecutor’s office documents on the captain of the Japanese schooner “Hokko-maru “8”, which in late May collided with the Russian trawler “Amur”, writes Kyodo.

The captain is suspected of negligence and improper management of the ship, which resulted in the death of people. Yesterday, in connection with similar suspicions, the third mate of the Russian trawler, 38-year-old Pavel Dobryansky, was detained, who was on watch at the time of the collision. There is no information about the detention of the captain of the Japanese ship yet.

According to TASS, with reference to the Russian Consulate General in Sapporo, the penalty for negligence and improper management of the ship, which resulted in the death of three people, because of suspicion of which Dobryansky was detained, involves up to five years in prison or a fine of up to one million yen (about $ 10,000). Today Dobryansky was taken to the prosecutor’s office of the city of Asahikawa. In the next two days, she will have to make a decision on the possible charges against him.

The collision occurred on May 26, 23 kilometers off the coast of the island of Hokkaido. Three of the five fishermen on the schooner were killed.

Источник aif.ru