There are practically no mushrooms in the forests near Moscow due to the abnormal heat

Drought and abnormal heat have led to an almost complete absence of fungi in the forests of the Moscow region, RIAMO reports with reference to mycologist, candidate of biological Sciences Mikhail Vishnevsky.

According to the expert, mushrooms can appear in the Moscow region in August, if there are heavy rains.

“Now the forests are dry and empty, rare mushrooms can be found only in the lowlands, where the soil is more moist. In the heat, only pests breed well, because of this, you can meet a lot of wormy chanterelles. After about 2-3 weeks after the rains, preferably cold, the mushrooms begin to germinate well, ” Vishnevsky noted.

Meteorologists predict that this July in the Moscow region will become one of the driest in the last 55 years, while temperature changes, namely sharp cold spells, can stimulate the growth of mushrooms.

The mycologist also recalled that the southern part of the Moscow region is considered the most fungal.

Earlier АиФ.ги with the help of infographics, he reminded readers of the rules for collecting mushrooms, berries and birch juice.

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There is only a “moment”. A project of a new military aircraft will be presented in Russia

The United Aircraft Corporation (UAC, part of Rostec) will present a fundamentally new military aircraft on the first day of the MAKS-2021 International Aviation and Space Salon on July 20. The state corporation is confident that it will arouse interest both in Russia and among competitors abroad. Experts say that most likely the multifunctional front-line aircraft belongs to the production of the aircraft manufacturing company “MiG”.

A special website has been created for the presentation of the aircraft. There is a video posted there where you can see “individual elements of the new machine” and “allusions to the key features and unique properties of the project”. In the video, the plane flies over the water surface, where its profile is reflected. This makes it possible to conclude that the aircraft has severalaerodynamic surfaces that improve its streamlining. In general, most likely, the car will use all the current technical solutions that reduce visibility in radar and other ranges. According to experts ‘ estimates, which are made on the basis of the video, we are talking about a multi-purpose vehicle that will be able to strike ground targets and at the same time conduct air battles.

The video focuses on the fact that this is an export-oriented model that will compete with the F-35 on the world market. So it is possible that this is the Russian response to this American fifth-generation fighter. 

Probably, the new fighter will become a replacement for the outdated Soviet MiG-29 aircraft, which is now in domestic service. Earlier it was reported that work has begun in the Russian Federation to create a new platform for operational and tactical aviation. On its basis, a light fighter will be developed. In 2019, the aircraft manufacturer MiG placed a tender for the aerodynamic calculation of a light multifunctional front-line aircraft of a twin-engine scheme. The project is scheduled for 2020-2025.

In addition, it is reported that the company “Sukhoi”, which is part of the United Aircraft Company, is developing the first single-engine light tactical fighter in Russia. The aircraft will have supersonic speed and low radar visibility. 

Rostec, supporting its project of a fundamentally new military aircraft, states that Russia is one of the few countries in the world that has full-cycle technologies for the production of promising aviation complexes, as well as a recognized trendsetter in the creation of combat aircraft. “We are convinced that the new product developed by UAC specialists will arouse genuine interest not only in our country, but also in other regions of the world, including our competitors abroad,” the state corporation said in a statement.

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How do they plan to tighten the rules for issuing a hunting ticket in Russia?

In Russia, the rules for issuing a hunting ticket may be tightened. This is stated in the minutes of the meeting, which was held by Deputy Prime Minister Victoria Abramchenko, the newspaper “Izvestia” reports.

Amendments to the relevant law will be submitted by the Ministry of Natural Resources, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Justice, the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Rosgvardiya until July 19.

How is it proposed to change the rules for issuing a hunting ticket?

According to the publication, in order to obtain a hunting ticket, candidates may be required to undergo training according to the requirements of the hunting minimum. In particular, we are talking about the basics of wild animal biology, hunting rules, safety techniques, etc.

Also, those who want to get a hunting ticket will need to issue a conclusion (certificate) that they have no medical contraindications to owning a weapon.These can be mental illnesses (schizophrenia, mood disorders, etc.) and eye diseases (a decrease in visual acuity below 0.5 in the best eye and below 0.2 in the worst, or below 0.7 in one eye with no vision in the other, etc.).

According to Timur Bayazitov, deputy chairman of the bar Association of Korchago and Partners, the requirement for a medical report may allow doctors who approved the receipt of a hunting ticket to unreliable citizens to be held accountable.

“Now by-laws require an applicant for a hunting ticket to pass a narcologist and a psychiatrist. Now the regulator offers a medical examination-that is, a specialist will have to give an opinion on a specific person. And this means that you need to conduct tests for him, make your own conclusions, ” the lawyer explained.

What are the current requirements for obtaining a hunting ticket?

According to Article 21 of the Federal Law No. 209-FZ of 24.07.2009, a hunting ticket can be obtained by persons who have reached the age of majority and do not have criminal records related to intentional crimes. Also, candidates need to familiarize themselves with the requirements of the hunting minimum under the signature. The hunting minimum includes the requirements of hunting rules, safety requirements, safety requirements when handling tools and the basics of wild animal biology. 

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The ray of “Peresvet”. The army believes that laser weapons will change the wars of the future

The 46th Central Research Institute of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation assessed the advantages and prospects of laser weapons and compared its capabilities with traditional weapons systems.

The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation came to the conclusion that currently laser weapons systems are being actively improved in all developed countries to solve various combat tasks. Developments are underway to increase the effectiveness of laser weapons, as well as new protection systems are being invented against their effects. According to the military, in the future, the prospect of using combat laser systems and laser weapons in general will have the widest application in future military conflicts. In addition, the further development of laser weapons systems will lead to the emergence and introduction of new strategies and tactics of warfare.

The Ministry of Defense believes that the use of this type of weapon can play a decisive role in military conflicts, to protect important state, military and industrial facilities. Compared to traditional weapons systems, laser weapons have a number of advantages.  

What are the strengths and weaknesses?

Laser weapons differ favorably from other types of weapons by the stealth of their use, which is due to the absence of smoke, sound and flame. Also, the strengths of laser weapons include a very small exposure time interval and the highest accuracy. One of the disadvantages is that its use is limited to the line-of-sight zone, and in conditions of difficult visibility, such as rain, fog, snowfall, dustiness andthe smoke content of the atmosphere, the damaging effect is reduced by an order of magnitude, and when using aerosol curtains, there may be no impact on the object.At the same time, the main limitation of laser weapons is its energy dependence. The amount of energy when a laser is fired at a weakly armored target should exceed 100-250 kW, this will require a powerful power plant.

What are the advantages compared to traditional types of weapons?

The laser beam is able to intercept maneuvering targets, which distinguishes it from anti-missiles and anti-aircraft missiles. Its speed is such that it is almost impossible to deviate from it. The laser can be used not only to destroy, but also to blind the target, as well as to detect it. With the help of power adjustment, you can influence the target in a very wide range: from warning to causing critical damage.

Also, the weapon is distinguished by high speed and accuracy of destruction. The beam moves at the speed of light and reaches the target almost instantly. Its destruction takes place in a matter of seconds, a minimum of time is needed to transfer the fire to another target. The radiation hits exactly the area it was directed at, without affecting the surrounding objects. The laser beam has no mass, so there is no need to make ballistic corrections when firing, take into account the direction and strength of the wind.

When a laser beam is fired, there is no recoil. A shot from a laser installation does not have unmasking features. The cost of one shot is relatively low.  

What is the Russian laser weapon?

In Russia, the promising combat laser complex “Peresvet” has been on combat duty since the beginning of December 2018. Very little is known about him & ndash; the military does not report information, but also does not refute the reports appearing in the media. The military does not disclose the tactical and technical characteristics of the complex, even the source of energy is not known reliably.

However, so far this is the only laser weapon in the world that has been put into service and tested in a combat situation, in particular, in Syria. The complex is mobile and can be placed on vehicles, has a modular principle of building the main systems, which allows for increasing the power and range of targets to be hit. According to experts, further refinement of this laser weapon system will lead to the emergence and introduction of new strategies and tactics of warfare.

What other countries are developing laser weapons?

Currently, new laser weapons systems are also being developed in Germany, the United Kingdom, the United States, China, Israel and France. Lockheed Martin and Northrop Grumman (USA) often demonstrate the practical results of their work on the creation of ground-based laser weapons. In 2019, the United States announced the creation ofKLOSN & laquo; GBADOTM», whose main task is to protect against enemy reconnaissance and attack UAVs. They also announced the first-ever contract with the Pentagon for the supply of fully integrated high-energy HELIOS systems, which will be equipped with an ArleighBurke-class destroyer, the installation capacity exceeds 60 kW.  

In 2014, Israel introduced the Iron Beam combat laser system, which includes a radar and two solid-state laser installations. The complex is designed to destroy shells, missiles and mines at short distances. The company “Rheinmetall” (Germany) announced the successful testing of the combat unit of the laser complex, which is based on its own development of the laser complex, as well as a target detection and tracking station.

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In which regions will the “terry” heat come, and which will be covered by the”bag of cold”?

Next week (July 19-25), abnormal air temperatures are predicted in the regions of Russia. Severe heat is expected in some regions, and cold is expected in others. This was announced at a press conference on July 13 scientific director of the Hydrometeorological Center Roman Vilfand.

Where will it be abnormally hot?

The territory of the European part of Russia is painted in terry-red, Vilfand said. We are talking about the color designation of the temperature on the prognostic map. The color that the forecaster called terry-red illustrates that the temperature will be more than eight degrees above normal.

For example, in Moscow, the average monthly daytime temperature in July is 23.1, in St. Petersburg-21.9, in Voronezh-25.4, in Krasnodar-29.6,in Saratov-27.8.

Also, very high temperatures are expected in the Far East, Vilfand noted. Moreover, such anomalies are predicted not only in the south, but also in the north of the region.

In which regions will the cold come?

Western Siberia, the east of the Ural Federal District and the west of the Krasnoyarsk Territory, on the contrary, formed a “bag of cold” on the prognostic map, the forecaster said. In these regions, the temperature is expected to be 4-6 degrees below normal next week.

For example, the daily temperature norm in July for Tyumen is 24.1,Barnaul is 26.2, Omsk is 25.5,Salekhard is 19.4.

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From cannons on insects. Artillery will be used to fight locusts

In Russia, it was proposed to use army mortars to combat locusts and other harmful insects. The guns themselves will remain unchanged, but plastic containers filled with insecticide will be used instead of mines. The new pest control tool can be used in fields with difficult terrain. It is assumed that this will be an effective and cheap means of pest control.

Battlefield

The original idea was proposed by scientists from the Ural Federal University. The very design of the mortar will not be changed, only the mines will change. A conventional munition consists of a steel or cast-iron body filled with an explosive substance, a fuse, a stabilizer, a propellant powder charge with a capsule, a metal tube for placing a propellant charge with through holes, additional bundles of propellant powder charge. In the anti-locustthe main body of a mortar mine is a plastic container-container filled with a chemical preparation intended for the destruction of harmful insects. Inside the vessel there is a bursting charge, which is located along the axis of the mine body and is designed for better dispersion of the drug over the sown area. The plastic shell of the case is easily destroyed by the action of a bursting charge. The drug is served “at the exit”not continuously, but in portions. 

The mine is triggered as with a normal shot. When lowering the projectile into the barrel of a mortar through its muzzle, the capsule self-punctures on the sting of the drummer located at the bottom of the barrel channel. As a result, the capsule ignites its main propellant charge, concentrated in the tube. The released powder gases emit a mine from the bore.

If a locust control mortar is filled with insecticides in powdered or granular form, then the fuse should be set to the “instant action” position. This is necessary to destroy the maximum number of individuals.

It is proposed to use a new weapon against locusts in the form of a fire raid. A battery of mortars arrives at the processing site, and a supply of chemicals is also delivered. Then the gunners open a quick fire at places of high concentration of the pest, or along the path of their migration. Shooting is conducted according to the specifics of the terrain. For example, the firing of mortar mines in hard-to-reach areas is carried out on hinged, steep trajectories — the elevation angle of the mortar barrel is in the range of 40-85°.

Add chemistry

Currently, chemical protection of agricultural land from locust swarms is implemented with the help of tractor sprayers of various types. However, such a scheme has a number of disadvantages-it has low mobility and performance, it is quite difficult to implement it in mountain landscapes. Aviation is more efficient, but it is much more expensive for farmers.

Locusts are one of the most harmful insects. During the period of mass reproduction, it is considered the most dangerous pest for crops. Huge herds of voracious insects are able to successfully and quickly destroy the crop.

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The hydrometeorological center promised the Russians heat until the end of summer

According to preliminary forecasts of weather forecasters, the air temperature in the Russian Federation will be high until the end of this summer. According to the scientific director of the Hydrometeorological Center Roman Vilfand, the second half of July and August will be hot on average in the country.

However, according to him, periodically the weather will be “nervous”, strong fluctuations are not excluded, RIA Novosti reports.

In turn, a leading employee of the Phobos Weather Center, Yevgeny Tishkovets, said that the heat record of 85 years ago was broken in Moscow on July 13: the air warmed up to +32.7.

This is 0.3 degrees higher than the record of 1936, when the thermometer in the city showed plus 32.4.

According to the forecaster, this is the first heat record in July and the fifth in the summer season, when the air temperature exceeded 30 degrees Celsius for almost a week. Tishkovets added that up to five more days with the same temperature are expected in the capital.

Doctors warn that hot weather is a serious test for any body, especially for the elderly and people with cardiovascular diseases. Read about how you can protect yourself in the heat in the material АиФ.ги.

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The route is made to order. How citizens ‘ appeals help to repair roads

Plot National projects

Residents of the village of Oslavsky in the Vladimir region know firsthand about bad roads. The 2.5 km section of the highway leading to the neighboring village of Novoe has not been repaired for more than 30 years, although it is only possible to get to the regional center via it. Everything changed when the headman sat down Anna Vodianova I left my complaint on the site “Map of the killed roads”. There, her request to put the highway in order was noticed and included in the national project “Safe and high-quality highways”. Now the once problematic site can boast of a new asphalt concrete pavement, a reinforced curb and markings.

Feedback

Residents of any region can improve the quality of highways. To do this, you just need to report the problem. The national project “Safe and high-quality highways” has a whole system that allows you to learn and take into account public opinion. It includes the official portal of the national project bkdrf.ru, project of the All-Russian Popular Front “Road Inspection of the ONF/Map of dead roads” dorogi-onf.ru, as well as the mobile application ” Public Services. Roads». Since the beginning of the year, more than 4.2 thousand appeals of citizens have already been received through these channels. 95% of them received a response.

Here is one example: in the Lipetsk Region, on the initiative of local residents, 17.5 km of the Ivovo-Springs-Bruslanovka highway will be put in order this year. It all started in 2020 with the repair of a 6-kilometer segment between the villages of Bruslanovka and Novodmitrievka. After that, the residents of the Pruzhinsky and Ivovsky village councils asked to continueroad repairs. Now there is a laying of the leveling layer of asphalt concrete. Then they will strengthen the roadsides with rubble, arrange exits and junctions, make stops and fences. The two-layer coating will have a 4-year warranty.& nbsp;

& laquo;We are very glad that we were heard and that the repair of our road continued, & mdash; shares a resident of the village of Ivova Love Beetle. & mdash; The traffic here is lively, a lot of summer residents go, a school bus carries children in Springs. Due to the poor coverage, we went on another road, through the Patriarchal, and now the way to Lipetsk will be 7 km shorter.

Will not drown in the pits

Residents of the village of Rogatkina, Saratov region, complained in social networks to the authorities about the quality of the road leading to the federal highway P228 “Syzran” Saratov “Volgograd”. They were heard and a 5-kilometer section was put in order in 2020. Now the repair of the next 5 km is being completed. This is a real gift for pensioners who previously had to travel along a broken road to Krasnoarmeysk, where the central district hospital is located.

In addition, the poor condition of the highway complicated the life of local businesses. On the territory of the Rogatkinsky municipality there is a peasant farm where local residents work. Its products are supplied not only to Saratov, but also to other regions: the Volgograd and Astrakhan regions, the Republic of Kalmykia. There is nowhere here without a good road. “You find sales markets, negotiate deliveries, order transport to take products, and they refuse to go on such a road,” says the head of the farm Pavel Zotov. & mdash; There used to be pits of half a meter in general here. Trucks went under the slopes, and the springs were broken”.

It is not surprising that the residents of Rogatkin themselves control the progress of repair work. Recently, they informed the regional Ministry of Transport that the arrangement of the stopping pocket is being carried out in violation. Specialists of the road department confirmed the defect, and now the contractor will eliminate it at his own expense. 

“We always say that residents are our assistants,” said the Minister of Transport and Road Management of the Saratov region Alexey Petaev. ― Even before the start of work on the national project, the department’s specialists went to the districts and met with local public figures. We have launched an educational project “School of road literacy”. During the classes, the residents were told how to visually determine that the work is being carried out with a violation. We also promptly respond to messages that come to our group in VK “Roads of the Saratov region”. If residents are sure that they saw a violation during the repair of the road, they can inform us.

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In Chechnya, three days off have been announced for the celebration of Eid al-Adha

In Chechnya, one of the main Muslim holidays – Eid al-Adha-will be celebrated for three days. The corresponding decree was signed by the head of the republic Ramzan Kadyrov.

A document published on the website of the head and government of Chechnya says that on the basis of an appeal from the Spiritual Administration of Muslims of the republic, July 19, 20 and 21 are declared non-working days.

Eid al-Adha is celebrated for three days. This year, it begins to be celebrated on Tuesday, July 20.

Eid al-Adha is not included in the list of official holidays, but the Labor Code of the Russian Federation allows regions to establish additional non-working days.

Earlier, July 20 was declared a day off in Ingushetia, Dagestan, Bashkiria, Tatarstan, Adygea, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay-Cherkessia and in the Crimea, where many adherents of Islam live.

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A fundamentally new Russian military aircraft will be presented at MAKS-2021

A fundamentally new Russian military aircraft will be presented on the first day of the MAKS-2021 International Aviation and Space Salon, the press service of the Rostec state Corporation reported.

The report notes that Russia is one of the few countries in the world that has full-cycle technologies for the production of promising aviation complexes, as well as a recognized trendsetter in the creation of combat aircraft. The corporation is convinced that the new product developed by the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) will arouse genuine interest not only in Russia, but also in other regions of the world, including competitors.

Rostec has created the official website of the project, where the countdown to the premiere of the aircraft is being conducted on July 20.

Earlier it was reported that President Vladimir Putin will take part in a meeting on aviation topics, which will be held within the framework of MAKS-2021 on July 20.

Recall that MAKS-2021 will be held from July 20 to 25 in Zhukovsky. The Ministry of Industry and Trade reported that representatives of more than 40 countries will take part in the event. First of all, these are Russia’s partners in the EAEU.

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