US cargo ship docked to the ISS

The ISS crew has completed the docking of the Cygnus cargo ship of the American company Northrop Grumman, which delivered 3.7 tons of payloads to the station, reports TASS.

According to NASA, it took more than three and a half hours to complete the docking process after remotely capturing the ship using the Canadarm 2 manipulator arm. The operation was carried out by astronauts Megan MacArthur and Tom Peske. The broadcast was conducted on the corporation’s website.

The spacecraft should stay in orbit for about three months, then it will pick up garbage from the station and in about 14 days it will burn up in the dense layers of the atmosphere.

The American Antares launch vehicle with the Cygnus cargo spacecraft of Northrop Grumman Corporation launched to the International Space Station on Tuesday.

The space truck delivered food and equipment to the ISS, in particular, a 3D printer, which uses a material that simulates the soil of the Moon. It is intended to test the possibility of its use in the construction of various structures in future missions.

Earlier, NASA representative Daniel Huot said that the United States and international partners have committed to provide funding for the International Space Station until at least 2024.


Good Bees and Fierce Swamps. How many unusual addresses are there on the map of Russia?

On the website of the company “Yandex.Maps” on August 12, the results of a study of the names of settlements in Russia were published. 

About 160 thousand different settlements are marked on the map of Russia-this is not counting dacha settlements and some other types. These are mainly villages (57%), villages (19%) and rural settlements (17%). Cities and urban-type settlements make up less than 1.5% of the total number.

The total number of names of localities is approximately 82 thousand. The most common among them are Alexandrovka (there are 333 of them in Russia), Ivanovka (280) and Mikhailovka (272). 

There are about 65 thousand unique oikonyms in Russia. So, experts found on the map the settlements of Good Bees, Big Peas, Puffies, Plump, Dudes, Big Piles, Tusnyaki and Big Rzhaksa. In addition, there are also Demonyata, a Golden bottom, a Big Sodom, Shaky, Pork and a Pleasant date.

Among the original names, there are those that “hint” at the features of the place, such as Fierce Swamps and Deep Puddles, or cause comical associations with the features of local residents, such as Smybino and Zlobintsy.

The longest name is the village of Kremenchug-Konstantinovskoye, and if you do not take into account spaces and hyphens – the village of Verkhnenovokutlumbetevo with 23 letters and Nizhnenovokutlumbetevo (22 letters). There are also two-letter oikonyms on the map of the country: there are 27 of them, some of them come across several times. The most common are Yam and Yar, they are in Russia according to 11.

The study revealed that there are settlements in Russia with any letter of the alphabet, except for b and b. Most of all – on & nbsp; to, & nbsp; with  and & nbsp; p. There are the least settlements in Russia on the s (there are 22 of them) and th  (there are 7 of them). 

Experts also found that every second respondent could not explain what, for example, Zhizdra, Ekva, Chlya mean. As linguists have explained, a particular word is more understandable the more it has the same root or similar relatives.


Why do they want to ban the sale of strong alcohol under the age of 21 in Russia?

The Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation once again proposes to raise to 21 the age from which Russian citizens can buy strong alcohol. The Agency has prepared the relevant amendments to the federal law ” On state regulation of the production and turnover of ethyl alcohol…”raquo;, report « News».

What is the essence of the bill?

The Ministry of Health proposes to ban the sale of alcohol with an alcohol content of more than 16.5% to people under 21 years of age. The bill provides that this measure will come into force from March 2022.

According to the current legislation, alcoholic beverages are allowed to be sold to citizens who have reached the age of 18. In case of doubt about the majority of the buyer, the seller has the right to ask him for a document confirming the age (passport, passport, driver’s license, service passport, etc.).

Why do they want to raise the age of sale of strong alcohol?

The Ministry of Health proposed to raise the age of sale of strong alcohol in 2019. Then in the secretariat Deputy Prime Minister Tatyana Golikova they referred to the statement of American experts that the increase in the age threshold was one of the main reasons for the decrease in mortality from road accidents in the United States. 

However, in 2019, the financial and economic bloc of the Russian government criticized this bill. The Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Economic Development stated that the proposal of the Ministry of Health contradicts the Constitution of the Russian Federation, which states that citizens from the age of 18 can fully exercise their rights and obligations. In addition, the Ministry of Energy conducted an assessment of the regulatory impact of the draft law and came to the conclusion that raising the age of sale of strong alcohol will complicate the work of stores: cashiers will have to spend time not only not determining the age of the buyer, but also finding out the strength of the alcohol sold.

Meanwhile, an important change has taken place over the past two years. In July 2021, President Vladimir Putin signed amendments to the law “On Weapons”, which raised the age of purchase of firearms of limited destruction, hunting and long-barreled weapons for self-defense from 18 to 21 years. This allowed the Ministry of Health to once again take the initiative to raise the age limit for the sale of strong alcohol.

In the explanatory note to the new bill, the Ministry of Health refers to medical studies that have shown that alcohol consumption is unsafe for the normal development of the brain. This organ is finally formed only by the age of 21, and until that time it is vulnerable to poisoning by alcohol, drugs or other psychoactive substances. Alcohol consumption before the age of 21 can cause serious negative consequences, in particular, it can lead to long-term deterioration of cognitive abilities, the authors of the bill write.

Many countries have taken into account the conclusions of doctors, forming their own regulation of the turnover of alcoholic beverages. The age of sale of any alcohol or strong alcohol up to 20 years has been increased in Finland, Norway, Sweden, Iceland and Japan, and up to 21 years in the United States.

At what stage is the consideration of the draft law?

On August 3, the Ministry of Health sent a letter to the participants of the working group on the “regulatory guillotine” with a request to evaluate the draft law. If the working group agrees on the document, it will be submitted for examination by one of the government’s sub-commissions on improving control and licensing functions. If this sub-commission approves the draft law of the Ministry of Health, it will be submitted to the Cabinet of Ministers commission on legislative activity. A decision will be made here whether to submit the project to the State Duma or not.

Sources:, Federal Law “On state regulation of production and turnover of ethyl alcohol, alcoholic and alcohol-containing products and on restriction of consumption (drinking) of alcoholic products” of 22.11.1995 N 171-FZ, Order of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation of 31.05.2017 N 1728 “On approval of the list of documents allowing to establish the age of the buyer of alcoholic products, which the seller has the right to demand in case of doubt that this buyer has reached the age of majority”.


Demob is inevitable. They want to include military service in the army in the work experience

A group of deputies and senators has submitted to the State Duma a bill on amendments to the law “On insurance pensions”, according to which military service in the army will be included in the work experience for early retirement. Today, service in the army is taken into account when assigning only an old-age pension, it does not affect the preferential one in any way. Because of this, according to the authors of the bill, citizens who have served in the army are in a less favorable position.

Recall that at present, individual Russian citizens have the right to retire two years earlier than the established time. These are men whose work experience has reached at least 42 years, and women who have worked for 37 years, while candidates for pensioners must be at least 60 and 55 years old, respectively.

The length of service required for a preferential pension includes only the period of work and the period of being on sick leave. But it does not include the two years that a person has devoted to fulfilling his constitutional duty, although it is obvious that the interruption of his work experience was not due to the demob’s fault. At the same time, conscription service is taken into account when assigning an old-age pension.

The explanatory note to the draft law states: “The passage of military service on conscription, although it is a non-insurance period (insurance premiums were not paid to the Pension Fund of the Russian Federation for it), has a high public utility and social significance for the state and society. At the same time, it is often precisely because of the honorable duty of passing military service on conscription (instead of labor activity), a citizen may not have enough insurance experience to appoint an early pension.

Because of this, according to the authors of the bill, citizens who have served in the army are in a less favorable position compared to those who have worked continuously.

To correct this situation, it is proposed to take into account the period of military service as the length of service and to amend part 9 of Article 13 of the Federal Law “On Insurance Pensions”.

If the law is adopted, the amendments will come into force on January 1, 2022. Then next year, citizens who have reached 60 years of age and have developed 42 years of insurance experience, taking into account military service in the army, will retire. It is not reported how many people will be able to become pensioners ahead of schedule in connection with this legislative initiative.

According to preliminary estimates of the Pension Fund of the Russian Federation, additional federal budget expenditures for the implementation of the draft law will amount to 2.18 billion rubles in 2022, 3.67 billion rubles in 2023, and 3.88 billion rubles in 2024.

Earlier, the Pension Fund explained what “weight” the service in the army has in calculating the old-age pension. The term of service on conscription is included in the length of service, for each year 1.8 of the pension coefficient is accrued. Individual pension coefficients are an indicator on which the size of the pension depends. They are calculated for each year of work or other activity that is taken into account for calculating the pension. The cost of the coefficients is reviewed annually.

It is clarified that military service in the army before 2002 is also taken into account in some cases when calculating a pension, but this does not always provide the largest amount of payment.


Moscow State University has found a way to reduce memory cells for digital electronics

MSU employees together with colleagues from Russia and the Netherlands have found a unique approach to the miniaturization of the base cells of digital superconducting electronics, the press service of the university reported. The study is published in the journal Physical Review Applied.

According to the university, the new approach involves increasing the degree of integration of such digital circuits and expanding the scope of their use.

Superconducting digital electronics are used in specialized computing systems in cases where speed and energy efficiency are fundamentally important. Such systems are necessary, in particular, when processing signals from arrays of ultra-sensitive low-temperature sensors or from elements of quantum computers.  

In the new work, the scientists investigated different variants of the implementation of the memory cell. “The work will help improve the performance of quantum computers and various low-temperature sensors used in telecommunications systems, radio astronomy,” the report says.

Earlier it was reported that the scientists of Moscow State University conducted a successful experiment on recognizing Russian phonemes during their mental pronunciation. 

It also became known that for the first time, American specialists were able to read the thoughts of a paralyzed person.They did this with the help of a neuroimplant that converts brain waves into full-fledged words.& nbsp; More details-in the material АиФ.ги.


The shameful “Varyag”. How white immigrants became Hitler’s punishers

Plot World History with Andrey Sidorchik

The Great Patriotic War became the most difficult test of strength for our people. In the fight against a terrible enemy, not only the tension of all physical abilities was required, but also an incredible strength of spirit.

The plan of the “Zeppelin”

There were no semitones left, everyone had to make their own choice. Someone, keeping loyalty to the Motherland, with a weakening hand, wrote on the walls of the casemate “I’m dying, but I’m not giving up”. And someone, dreaming of revenge for past grievances, put on the enemy’s uniform, turning into a collaborator.

The Center for Public Relations of the FSB of the Russian Federation has published materials related to the investigation of the crimes of the SS unit “Varyag”, formed by the Nazis from the number of white emigrants, and also captured Soviet soldiers and officers.

In 1942, the organization “Zeppelin” was created in the structure of the VI RSHA Administration. This structure was entrusted with the tasks of political intelligence, sabotage and terrorist activities and the creation of separatist national movements in the Soviet rear. The core of the new formations were anti-Soviet Russian emigrants.

In the spring of 1942, the German command decided to create a battalion of White emigrants, which was planned to be used in the amphibious operation in the Novorossiysk area. Mikhail Semenov, a former officer of the Russian army, was appointed commander of the formation .

Identification sheet. Photo:

The White Guard who became the Volksdeutsche

A native of a noble family, he began his military career on the fronts of the First World War, and then, after the revolution, joined the White Movement. After the defeat in the Civil War, Semyonov emigrated to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, where he successfully engaged in business and participated in the political life of the Russian emigration.

After the capture of Yugoslavia by Germany in the spring of 1941, Semenov offered his services to the invaders. Moreover, having declared the presence of German roots in his ancestry, the former Russian officer received the status of “Volksdeutsche”, and then the citizenship of the Third Reich.

The decree on the arrest. Photo: fsb. ru

After the appointment of Semenov as the commander of the new battalion, he was awarded the rank of SS Hauptsturmfuhrer. About 600 volunteers were recruited, who started training and training in Belgrade.

However, soon the plans of the Germans changed, and the Semenov battalion received the status of a security unit designed to fight against the Yugoslav partisans.

Special group & laquo;To & raquo;

The punishers showed such zeal, and their commander showed such sophisticated cruelty, that the Nazis considered it necessary to expand the capabilities of Semenov. In the autumn of 1943, the leadership of the “Zeppelin” entrusted him with the formation of a Special group “K”, later known as the SS Volunteer special regiment “Varyag”. Personnel were now recruited not only among emigrants, but also at the expense of recruiting Soviet prisoners of war.

From the number recruited in the Varangians, reconnaissance and sabotage groups were formed to throw deep into the Soviet rear. The remaining members of the Varyag continued to be used in punitive actions against the partisans.

During the training, the newly-born SS men were divided according to national and territorial characteristics: the first company consisted of Russians, the second company consisted of Ukrainians, the third company consisted of Don Cossacks. There were also companies consisting of people from the North Caucasus and Central Asia.

The materials published by the FSB represent the case of one of the ordinary members of the 2nd (Ukrainian) company “Varyag” Grigory Burbelo.

The case of Grigory Burbelo

Grigory Burbelo was born in 1925 in the village of Ishchenko in the Greater-Alexandrovsky district of the Kherson region. Coming from a family of Kulak peasants, Grigory Burbelo lived in the occupied territory from 1941 to 1944, and at the beginning of 1944, at the age of 19, he voluntarily entered the service in the SS.

After the end of the war, Bourbelo was among those collaborators who surrendered to the Western allies, who were handed over to the Soviet Union. Initially, the Ukrainian was sent to a camp for repatriated persons, and from there he was sent to the Tula region, where he worked as a concrete worker in the Tulapromstroy trust.

The Soviet competent authorities needed to dig through huge amounts of information in order to establish the personal role of each participant in the collaborationist formations. Burbelo’s turn came in October 1948, when a warrant for his arrest was issued on the basis of the testimony of two of his accomplices in Varyag Peter the Cat and Leonid Gorban.

The accusation stated: “While serving in a special battalion, and then in a punitive regiment of the SS, Varyag Burbelo took an active part in the fight against the Yugoslav partisans. As part of the regiment, he repeatedly went on partisan raids, took part in the destruction and robbery of settlements, and also took part in the shooting of captured partisans.

“Cattle were taken away from villages, food, clothing and valuables were taken from the population”

“While in the Nikolayev camp for Soviet citizens, systematic propagandists who came among us conducted agitation, calling on us to join various detachments formed by the Germans,” Bourbelo said about the reasons that prompted him to join the collaborators, ” At the same time we were told that the Red Army was already defeated, that the victory would remain for Germany and t. d. From the specified time, succumbing to the GermanAccording to the propaganda, I had a disbelief in the victory of the Soviet army, so I willingly agreed to enter the service in the German punitive battalion. Upon admission, I openly declared that I was the son of a kulak and at the same time expressed my hostile beliefs in relation to the Soviet government. There were no other reasons why I held hostile beliefs in relation to the Soviet government, I did not have any.

Also, according to Burbelo’s testimony, the Germans used him as an agent to develop their fellow punitive colleagues. The Nazis were seriously afraid of fermentation in the ranks of collaborators against the background of the rapid advance of the Red Army.

How exactly the SS Varyaga fought with the partisans, the arrested collaborator also told during the interrogation: The personnel of the battalion, under the command of Semenov, robbed the population of villages that were in contact with the partisans. Under the force of arms, we took cattle from villages, took food, clothing and valuables from the population. A number of settlements whose names I don’t remember, in which we found partisans, we subjected them to complete devastation, burned themhouses of partisan families. In these cases, the local population was completely expelled from the settlements… Partisans taken prisoner were shot or handed over to the German SS for execution. However, I personally did not have to shoot partisan prisoners, and I find it difficult to say how many partisans were killed or wounded during combat operations, because it was impossible to take this into account. I do not deny that I have participated in the battles against the Yugoslav partisans repeatedly.

The knight of the Iron Crosses disappeared in Brazil, an ordinary punisher received 25 years

By the end of the war, the total number of Varangians numbered up to 2500 people. Its commander Mikhail Semenov became an SS Obersturmbannfuhrer, was awarded the Iron Cross of the I and II class, insignia for the Eastern peoples.

In April 1945, the Varangian regiment was formally transferred to the Salzburg Group of the Armed Forces of the Committee for the Liberation of the Peoples of Russia, Major General Turkul, while in fact the formation remained in positions in Slovenia.

In May 1945, Semenov ordered his SS men to cross the Italian border to surrender to British troops. He hoped that the British command would not betray the enemies of the Soviet power to the USSR.

The British acted in their own way and handed over the former Soviet prisoners of war to the representatives of the Red Army, but they left the White emigrants with themselves.

There was no place to put samples on Semenov, who was hung with Hitler’s awards, but in 1947, the British, having kept him in the camp for two years, found it possible to release the SS commander. After living in Munich for about three years, Semenov then moved to Brazil, avoiding responsibility for the crimes committed.

And & nbsp;here is Grigory Burbelo appeared before the court.On January 10, 1949, the military tribunal of the troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Tula Region found him guilty of treason and sentenced him to imprisonment in a correctional labor camp for a period of 25 years with a defeat in the rights for five years and confiscation of property.

Similar sentences in the late 1940s were received by many members of collaborationist formations involved in punitive actions.


What is the” rescue card ” of the Ministry of Emergency Situations and why is it needed?

The national standard for “rescue cards” of vehicles is being developed in Russia. This is reported by TASS with reference to the All-Russian Research Institute for Civil Defense and Emergency Situations (VNII GOChS) The Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia.

The Research Institute explained that the need for “rescue cards” arose due to the appearance of new cars in Russia, including hybrid ones, which are equipped with alternative power sources. This makes it difficult for rescuers to work during accidents, since their design features are not always known. 

Why do we need a “rescue map” in the material АиФ.ги.

What is a “rescue card”?

The rescue card is an electronic document that contains detailed information about the technical characteristics of the car, as well as recommendations for emergency services in case of an accident involving it. 

What information will the rescue card contain?

The general view of the “rescue map”, according to the authors of the standard, should look like a diagram of the vehicle in the projection from the side and from above, with the following information:

  • car brand logo;
  • manufacturer’s name;
  • car model and release date;
  • two perspective photos of the car (front and rear);
  • data on the location of the driver’s and passengers ‘ airbags; etc. 
  • the location of the body reinforcements in the car;
  • the location of the fuel tank, batteries, including information about their types and methods of safe disconnection;
  • points for safe cutting of the body, etc.

In addition, it is planned to prescribe an algorithm of actions of emergency services for the safe release of victims from a specific type of vehicle for safe evacuation and methods of extinguishing the car in case of fire in the “rescue map”. 

The presence of a rescue card will allow rescuers to quickly get the necessary information about the vehicle, including its design features. This will help to avoid risks when providing assistance to victims, ” the GOChS Research Institute reported.

Where will the “rescue cards” be stored?

Information on all “rescue maps” of vehicles in operation on the territory of the Russian Federation will be collected in a single database. The information resource will be managed by an organization authorized by the government of the Russian Federation, according to the State Research Institute of GOChS. Emergency and emergency services of the Russian Federation will be able to request the necessary data on “rescue cards”.

How will an emergency service employee find the necessary “rescue card” in the database?

It is planned to provide emergency services with special mobile devices with the ability to visualize “rescue maps” on the screen even in the absence of the Internet, the State Research Institute of Emergency Situations notes.

The authors also propose to assign an individual marking code to each vehicle, which allows to quickly identify the car.

In case of an accident involving a particular brand of car, an emergency service employee who is at the scene of the accident will be able to get the data of the “rescue card” using a mobile device as a scanner.

“The vehicle marking code is placed in certain easily accessible places of the vehicle for easy reading by emergency and emergency services personnel. The marking code can be created, for example, on the basis of a barcode, a QR code or the resources of the domestic state automated information system for emergency response in case of accidents “ERA-GLONASS”, ” the research institute reports.

Who should make a “rescue map”?

The State Research Institute of Emergency Situations believes that the “rescue card” is an integral part of the technical documentation for the vehicle. Therefore, the development of the map should be handled directly by automakers. And if the manufacturer makes any changes to the design of the machine that affect the work of emergency services, then he needs to develop a new “rescue card”. It is also planned that car companies will apply markings on cars. 

When will “rescue cards” be introduced in Russia?

When it is planned to finish and implement the national standard for “rescue cards” of vehicles at the State Research Institute of the State Emergency Service, they did not specify. According to TASS, the first edition of the national standard is currently being discussed.



India announced the successful launch of a rocket with an Earth observation satellite

The Indian Space Research Organization announced on Twitter about the successful launch of the GSLV-F10 launch vehicle with the EOS-03 satellite on board.

It is noted that the rocket was launched from the space center named after Satish Dhawan on the island of Sriharikota.

EOS-03 is the latest satellite for observing the planet, which should be put into geostationary orbit. It will help to quickly monitor dangerous weather events.

Earlier it was reported that the Indian Space Research Organization successfully sent 19 satellites into orbit. 

Among the satellites sent into orbit is the Brazilian 637-kilogram Amazonia-1 spacecraft. It is a satellite for observing the Earth’s surface.


An earthquake of magnitude 7.2 was recorded off the coast of the Philippines

An earthquake occurred off the coast of the island of Mindanao in the southern Philippines, the magnitude of the tremors was 7.2, the US Geological Survey reports.

The epicenter of the seismic event was located 145 kilometers from the city of Davao, the main port of the island, the focus lay at a depth of 50 kilometers.

A tsunami threat was reported, the occurrence of dangerous waves was predicted within a radius of 300 kilometers from the epicenter of the earthquake.

Subsequently, the Institute of Volcanology and Seismology of the Philippines clarified that there is no threat of a tsunami after the earthquake.

Earlier, tremors of magnitude 5.0 were recorded in the Pacific Ocean near the Kuril Islands.


Patrushev discussed the situation in Afghanistan by phone with his colleague from Iran

The head of the Russian Security Council, Nikolai Patrushev, held a telephone conversation with the secretary of the Supreme National Security Council of Iran, Ali Shamkhani, the press service of the Security Council staff reports.

During the conversation, the parties discussed Russian-Iranian cooperation in the field of security, as well as the situation in Afghanistan.

Earlier, Patrushev spoke about the updated National Security Strategy.

Meanwhile, the Pentagon reported on the deterioration of the security situation in Afghanistan, noting that the militants of the radical movement “Taliban” (banned in the Russian Federation) are increasing the pace of the offensive. So, last week, the Taliban took control of several main districts of the city of Talukan, the administrative center of the Afghan province of Takhar.