What kind of underwater missile launcher is being created in Russia?

Launch of the Bulava ballistic missile from the Yuri Dolgoruky nuclear submarine in the Barents Sea. Photo: http://www.youtube.com/

The Samara State University of Railways has registered a patent for a method of controlling the flight of a rocket. Presumably, this will reduce the missile’s approach time to the target and create conditions that make it as difficult as possible to detect the location of the munition.

The device itself is placed in the immediate vicinity of the enemy’s territory in a place hidden from enemy detection devices, under water, at a depth of 100-300 meters from the ocean surface. There it can be delivered by submarine. It will swim as close to the target as possible, and then unload the rocket closer to the surface.

The device is made with a base made in the form of a “table” with equipment with nozzles of running motors for moving the installation. The rocket is launched from a depth of 100 meters. If it is lower, it is raised by running compressed air under the cylinders in the pistons. The air begins to push the cylinders up, so that the structure rushes to the surface. 

When the rocket enters the surface position, the main engine is turned on, and its flight begins along a pre-calculated trajectory. The installation without the rocket is lowered back to the underwater position. Before this, the air from the lifting cylinders is re-pumped into the compressed air tank for future rocket lifts.

The flight control of the rocket is carried out according to the program recorded in the onboard computer of the rocket. If there are deviations of the actual trajectory from the program, the flight of the rocket is corrected with the participation of the satellite navigation system.

The proposed method differs from the standard methods in that the missile is located close to the enemy, but first it flies along a false trajectory and only then turns to the target. Thus, it becomes less detectable.

To change the course, the radio station of the device is turned on to receive at times according to a pre-arranged schedule and is additionally turned on by order from the command post. The antenna of the radio station is constantly in the underwater position and pops up only when the radio station is operating, and the radio station itself and the computer are placed on the base of the platform. This reduces the chance of signal interception. 

At the request of the command post, the radio station can transmit the coordinates of the location of the device and report on the serviceability of the condition using a computer and a satellite navigation system receiver. When receiving information from the command post, the computer selects the route, as well as with the participation of the onboard computer, selects the target and time of the rocket launch.The coordinates are transmitted to the command post with the planned distortions. To get the actual coordinate values, you need to know the correction factors, which are set in advance and depend on the date and time of day. This is a kind of cipher, thanks to which the enemy is less likely to know where the rocket will fly.

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Which Russian universities are included in the list of the best in the world according to QS?

48 Russian universities were included in the updated QS World University Rankings 2022 ranking of the best universities in the world, which includes a thousand educational institutions in the world. Six universities from the Russian Federation were in the top 300 of this list.

Which Russian universities have taken the highest places in the world ranking?

The highest position in the QS rating among Russian universities was once again taken by Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU). It is the fifth time that it is included in the top 100 of the world list of the best universities. In the updated rating, he took 78th place, scoring 65.6 points out of a possible 100.

In addition, the top 10 Russian universities were:

  • St. Petersburg State University (SPbSU) – 242nd place in the overall rating, 39.2 points;
  • Novosibirsk State University (NSU) – 246th place, 38.8 points;
  • Tomsk State University (TSU) – 272nd place, 36.6 points;
  • Bauman Moscow State Technical University (MSTU) – 281st place, 36.2 points;
  • Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) – 290th place, 35.1 points;
  • National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE) – 305th place, 34.1 points;
  • Peoples ‘ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN)-317th place, 33.4 points;
  • National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute) – 319th place, 33.1 points;
  • Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University (KFU)-347th place, 31.4 points.

The rest of the 38 Russian universities ranked in the top thousand of the world’s best educational institutions can be found on the QS website. To do this, select the location “Russia” in the rating filters.

Which universities have become the best in the world?

For the tenth year in a row, the first place in the world ranking is occupied by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the United States. He once again received the maximum score: 100 points.

In second place is the University of Oxford (UK) with 99.5 points (last year it took fifth place).

The third and fourth positions with 98.7 points were shared by Stanford University in the USA and Cambridge University (Great Britain). The American university was previously in the second place of the rating for three years in a row, and the British educational institution last year took the seventh position.

Harvard University in the United States (98 points), which took the third position a year earlier, fell to the fifth place in the world ranking.

By what criteria do universities earn points?

The global university ranking is compiled annually by the global research and consulting center QS Quacquarelli Symonds. Its specialists evaluate universities according to six criteria: 

  • Academic reputation & mdash; opinions of experts in the field of higher education on the quality of teaching and research at the university;
  • Reputation among employers-employer reviews of which universities their most professional and effective employees graduated from;
  • Citation index-the ratio of the number of citations for all scientific works of the university over a five-year period to the number of teaching staff;
  • Student-teacher ratio & mdash; number of teachers per student;
  • Number of international employees;
  • Number of international students.

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What will the weather be like in Moscow during the holiday weekend?

During the holiday weekend in Moscow, the weather will be cloudy with possible thunderstorms and short-term rains. This is reported by RIA Novosti with reference to the chief specialist of the Moscow Meteorological Bureau.Tatiana Pozdnyakova.

What will be the temperature in Moscow?

In Moscow, the long weekend will be up to 24 degrees Celsius. According to Pozdnyakova, +22 is expected on Saturday…+24 °C. In the following days, the temperature will be the same.

“Starting from Sunday, there will be less clouds, due to this, the nights may be cooler, not 13-15 degrees, but 12-14, but the daytime temperature will be higher. In general, the weather will be quite comfortable, the temperature regime is close to normal. The atmospheric pressure, however, will be low, and from this the oxygen content in the air will be slightly lower than normal. But in principle, the weather is quite consistent with the norm of mid-June, ” Pozdnyakova said.

According to the Phobos Weather Center, partly cloudy weather is expected on June 12. At night it will be 16-18 degrees Celsius, in the afternoon-19-21 degrees, wind north-west, moderate. Partly cloudy weather is expected on June 13. At night it will be 15-17 degrees, in the afternoon-23-25 degrees, the wind is southerly, moderate. 

What days are not expected to have precipitation?

The atmospheric front will retain its influence until June 12-13. According to the expert, only on the 14th in the capital, no significant precipitation is expected, and on June 12 and 13, there will be cloudy weather with clarifications, in the daytime there is a possibility of thunderstorms. As Pozdnyakova noted, during a thunderstorm, wind gusts can reach 12-17 meters per second.

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Shoigu announced the launch of a program to update Russian military enlistment offices

During a working visit to the Tver Region, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu announced the launch of a project to bring military commissariats and selection points in all regions of the country to modern requirements. This is reported by the Defense Ministry.

“We need to put our military enlistment offices in order. Military enlistment offices in the army are like a wardrobe in the theater, ” the Defense Minister said at a meeting with the head of the Tver Region, Igor Rudeney. I propose to start this big event-bringing military enlistment offices into an exemplary form, so that they are modern, so that you want to come there not under compulsion or on the agenda, but at will. I hope you have enough time for the implementation, and not for the development of the project?».

Rudenya replied that the region headed by him will be able to complete the task in a shorter time. “Igor Mikhailovich, I can’t hear the metal in my voice,” Shoigu joked in response.

Earlier in June, it was reported that in Moscow, traffic police inspectors detained autoblogger Gosha Yerokhin, who was transferred to the military enlistment office as an evader from the army.

In May, the State Duma adopted a law that exempts conscripts from medical examinations with a delay. Medical examination can not be held and released from the service for family reasons or in connection with training.

See also АиФ.ги I wrote about whether fines for army evaders will increase.

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Why do we need QR codes on the monuments of the Great Patriotic War?

Weekly magazine “Argumenty I Fakty” No. 23. Gifts of fields, gardens and vegetable gardens 09/06/2021 Expert’s response 0 + –

Cosmonaut Roman Romanenko supported the proposal Irina Yarovaya about the application of QR codes on the monuments of the Great Patriotic War.

Deputies of the State Duma in the first reading adopted a bill “On amendments to certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation in terms of improving measures aimed at perpetuating the memory of those who died in the defense of the Fatherland and protecting historical memory”. The bill proposes to apply special designations to WWII monuments containing historical references, extracts from official documents, photo and video materials about the events and heroes in whose honor the memorial is erected. Anyone can get acquainted with this information using a QR code.

The use of advanced Internet technologies and services is an indispensable condition for the development of the modern individual and society as a whole. The bill under consideration suggests a new format for informing citizens about places, events and people in whose honor a particular monument is erected. I am sure that the proposed measure will make the historical heritage more attractive for young people, ” Romanenko said.

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Bazhenov: the fight against cyber fraud requires a legislative solution

TV journalist and leader of the public movement Timofey Bazhenov commented on Sberbank’s information about telephone fraud, calling for a state fight against call centers of criminals and tougher penalties for this.

“The data of the country’s largest bank should be a turning point in the fight against electronic fraud. In fact, cybercriminals are waging an undeclared war with the citizens of the country, the victims of which are primarily elderly people, ” Bazhenov said. To solve the problem, urgent state intervention is needed. We need changes in the legislation. Fraudsters must be imprisoned for at least five years, and if the offense is committed against pensioners, then it must be recognized as particularly serious. 

According to the data announced at the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum (SPIEF), phone fraudsters steal from the accounts of Russians from 3.5 to 5 billion rubles every month, and the average check of a fraudulent operation is about 8000 rubles. According to the Central Bank of the Russian Federation, the number of attacks on customers of all banks last year almost doubled (by 88%) compared to 2019.

More than 80% of fraudulent activities are carried out through phone calls to bank customers.

Bazhenov added that if it is now officially known that one fraudulent call center makes from 3,000 to 7,000 calls every day, then strict administrative measures are required to speed up the receipt of information about such spam centers to law enforcement agencies from banks and mobile operators.

The period of such a response, according to the journalist, should not exceed one day.

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Where in Russia can you watch the solar eclipse on June 10?

On Thursday, June 10, there will be an annular eclipse of the Sun. During the maximum phase at 13: 40 Moscow time. The moon will cover the sun’s disk, leaving only its thin edge visible. This is reported on the website of the Moscow Planetarium.

Where will the annular eclipse of the Sun be visible?

The eclipse will begin in North America, then pass through the North Pole of the earth and end in the Russian Far East. The ring-shaped phase will be visible in the province of Ontario (Canada), Greenland (Denmark), at the North Pole, as well as in the east of Russia.

Where can I watch the eclipse in Russia?

The annular phase of the eclipse will be visible only in Yakutia and Chukotka. 

Almost the entire rest of Russia will fall into the field of view of the private eclipse. The partial phases will range from 0.01 (the area covering the diameter of the solar disk) in Komsomolsk-on-Amur (Khabarovsk Territory) to 0.91 in the city of Pevek in Chukotka.

Annular and partial eclipses will not be seen by residents of the Crimea and the North Caucasus, as there the Moon will pass by the Sun in the sky. Also, these phenomena will not be visible in the south of the Khabarovsk Territory, in the Primorsky Territory, in the Jewish Autonomous Region and on Sakhalin, where the Sun will set below the horizon before the eclipse begins.

What time will the eclipse take place?

The annular eclipse will begin at 12: 48 GMT on Lake Superior between Canada and the United States. At 13: 40 Moscow time, the largest phase of the eclipse (0.944) will occur on the northern coast of Greenland, it will last 3 minutes and 52 seconds. At 14: 00 Moscow time, the eclipse will be visible at the North Pole of the Earth, and then the ring-shaped phase will come to the territory of Russia in the north-east of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).

At 14: 25, the maximum phase of the annular eclipse (0.94) will be visible on the coast near the mouth of the Indigirka River (the villages of Chokurdakh and Tabor in Yakutia), where the eclipse will last 3 minutes 37 seconds. The annular eclipse will end at 14: 33 Moscow Time just north of Magadan (Magadan region).

At what time will the partial phases of the eclipse be visible?

The partial solar eclipse will begin at 11: 11 GMT in the central Atlantic Ocean, and will end at 16: 11 GMT in the Gobi Desert, near the border of Mongolia and China.

In Russia, a private solar eclipse will begin at 12: 50 Moscow Time in Kaliningrad (Kaliningrad Region), and end at 16:07 Moscow time in Gorno-Altaisk (Altai Republic).

The private phases will be larger in the more northern and eastern regions of the country. In the European part of the Russian Federation, the eclipse phase will be very small, while in the north of Siberia it will be as large as possible.

You can view the moments of the beginning, middle and end of a particular eclipse, as well as the magnitude of the largest phase in various cities of Russia on the website of the Moscow Planetarium.

Will the solar eclipse be visible in Moscow?

Residents of Moscow will be able to observe only the partial phases of the solar eclipse. At 13:26, the moon will cover 3% of the Sun, then this area will begin to increase, reaching a maximum at 14: 26. At this time, the Earth’s satellite will cover 16% of the solar disk. Then the area of the partial eclipse will begin to decrease to 2%, this phase will occur at 15: 26, then the eclipse will end.

How to observe a solar eclipse?

To observe a solar eclipse with the naked eye or through a telescope, you can only use a special solar light filter, otherwise you can get a burn of the retina or other serious damage to the visual organ.

When observing through a telescope, the light filter must be installed on the lens. The safest way is to project the image of the Sun on a white screen behind the telescope’s eyepiece. When pointing the telescope at an eclipse, do not look through the eyepiece.

Can I watch the solar eclipse online?

Yes, you can watch the solar eclipse live on the YouTube channel of the Moscow Planetarium. The broadcast will start at 12: 00 Moscow Time.
 

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Blogger Mellstroy confessed to beating a girl during a stream

Streamer Andrey Burim, known online as Mellstroy, confirmed in court that he beat the girl during a live broadcast on the Internet. This is reported by TASS with reference to a source in the court.

According to the interlocutor of the agency, the blogger confirmed the fact of the beating, but claims that he had no hooligan motives. Therefore, the defendant believes that the case against him should be reclassified as an administrative offense.

The case against Burim is being considered on Wednesday in the Presnensky District Magistrate’s Court in Moscow.

The crime occurred in October 2020. According to the investigation, Burim during a live broadcast on the YouTube channel grabbed the model Alena Efremova by the neck and repeatedly hit her face on the table. Subsequently, doctors diagnosed the girl with a concussion, a closed craniocerebral injury and bruises.

The victim contacted the police. In her statement, she said that the blogger publicly insulted her and beat her.

Earlier it was reported that Andrei Burim was assigned a psychiatric and linguistic examination.

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The State Duma adopted a law on strengthening control over the circulation of weapons

The State Duma adopted in the third final reading a law that strengthens state control over the circulation of weapons and tightens the passage of medical examinations for obtaining a permit to own them, the official website of the legislative body reports.

The explanatory note to the document notes that the law is proposed to be supplemented with the concept of “medical contraindications to the possession of weapons”. The list of relevant diseases will be established by the Cabinet of Ministers.

The law adopted by the deputies also introduces a ban on the acquisition, storage, carrying and use of weapons by persons who have not passed an examination for the presence of medical contraindications.

This commission will be conducted exclusively by medical organizations of the state or municipal health care system. During the study, chemical and toxicological tests will be conducted for the presence of drugs and psychotropic substances in the body, as well as psychiatric examination.

If the owner of the weapon is found to have diseases that are on the list, information about this will be posted in the appropriate register and sent to Rosgvardiya.

The citizen will have to pass an extraordinary medical examination within 30 days. During this period, he will be seized weapons and permission to own them. In case of failure to issue a medical report or evasion of the examination, the right to own and use weapons will be revoked.

Recall that a day earlier, the State Duma deputies also adopted in the first reading a government bill on the inclusion of vaccination against COVID-19 in the national calendar of preventive vaccinations.

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The TFR explained why the blogger Khovansky was detained

Plot The detention of blogger Yuri Khovansky in the case of terrorist propaganda

The Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation explained the detention of blogger Yuri Khovansky by the fact that he performed a song with “public calls for terrorism”, with the aim of “forming the ideology of terrorism”, the press service of the department reported.

A criminal case has been opened on “public calls to carry out terrorist activities, public justification of terrorism or propaganda of terrorism” against Yuri Khovansky, born in 1990, who is a blogger, the question of the measure of restraint and the presentation of charges is being resolved, the TFR said.

Earlier it was reported that Khovansky was detained the night before in St. Petersburg on the case of justifying terrorism, but his status was not specified.

According to the investigation, no later than July 3, 2020, Khovansky “in order to form the ideology of terrorism, the belief in its attractiveness” performed a song on the network containing, according to the experts ‘ conclusion, signs of public calls for terrorist activities, public justification of terrorism and its propaganda, signs of threats and humiliation based on nationality, as well as calls and justification for the need to carry out aggressive, violent, cruel actions (terrorist acts)».

According to TASS, citing a source in the investigative authorities, Khovansky’s detention is connected with a song about the terrorist attack at the theater center on Dubrovka in Moscow in 2002. In the Telegram channel “Khova’s Liver”, the blogger published a voice message in which he admitted that he had performed this song in front of a group of Nazis.

“The story with Khovansky is connected with the song about the Nord-Ost,” the source said. According to him, the blogger was detained after his confession in the Telegram channel in the performance of this song. The channel is open, in the description it is listed as “Telegram channel of Yuri Khovansky”. The audio recording, posted in February, is on the channel, and, according to the source, investigators believe that it is Khovansky’s voice.

A song endorsing the attack has also been posted online, including on YouTube. The media wrote that it was allegedly sung by Khovansky and admitted that he was ashamed of it. The video is accompanied by a photo of the blogger, but it contains only the audio track.

Khovansky is 31 years old, 4.4 million people have subscribed to his video blog on YouTube.

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