Secrets of the Universe. Russia participates in the project of the Ring Collider of the Future

Plot National projects

The European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN, Switzerland) has successfully completed acceptance tests of Russian superconductors. They were manufactured by Rosatom as part of the Future Circular Collider (FCC) project, which is to replace the Large Hadron Collider.

The circumference is 100 kilometers!

The tests confirmed that the technical characteristics of the Russian wires fully comply with the CERN specification. During the tests, record values were achieved for Russian superconductivity technologies, such as the critical current density in the electromagnetic field, the coefficient of residual electrical resistance, and the effective wire diameter. Rosatom Fuel company TVEL is qualified as a supplier of high-tech products to the FCC.

The magnetic system is one of the key elements of the Ring Collider of the future. The colossal size of this structure (the circumference is about 100 kilometers) will require the supply of a gigantic volume of strands of superconducting conductors to create strong magnetic fields. And they can only be produced by the joint efforts of States that possess such technology. According to experts, the FCC’s needs for superconductors may exceed the existing global production of niobium-tin strands by several times.

Russia, represented by Rosatom, is among the world leaders in the field of superconductivity and is one of the few countries with the necessary scientific and technical competencies. Our scientists and engineers were able to develop the technology and produce samples of products that meet the most stringent international standards in a short time.

Dark Matter Mysteries

The FCC, the Ring Collider of the Future, which is planned to be built in Switzerland in the early 2040s, is a major project of the global scientific community. It will allow scientists to bring fundamental research in the field of elementary particle physics to a new level. In particular, the collider will help to understand the nature of the mysterious dark matter, the occurrence of the asymmetry of matter and antimatter in the observable universe, as well as to understand other issues beyond the so-called Standard Model of modern Physics. 

The development of wires for the FCC project, in addition to Russia, is carried out in the United States, Europe, South Korea, Japan and China. In our country, the only manufacturer of low-temperature technical superconductors is the Fuel Company Rosatom “TVEL”. The development of structures and manufacturing technologies for superconducting wires based on ultrapure niobium and its alloys is carried out by the A. A. Bochvar High-Tech Research Institute of Inorganic Materials, part of Rosatom.

Industrial production of superconductors is realized at the Chepetsk Mechanical Plant in Udmurtia. In 2009-2014, as part of Russia’s participation in the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) construction project, the plant produced more than 200 tons (or 61 thousand kilometers) of low-temperature superconductors.

In 2020, Rosatom’s niobium-titanium superconductors made it possible to achieve the design values of the magnetic field of the heavy ion accelerator (booster), which is part of the first stage of the mega-science project of the NICA accelerator complex in Dubna.


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