The Central Research Institute of Precision Engineering (JSC “TSNIITOCHMASH”) has developed a new ammunition to protect armored vehicles from high-precision weapons. When a threat occurs, the protective shell is fired in the direction of the threat and creates a curtain of aerosol-dipole interference, “blinding” the guidance systems of high-precision ammunition of the enemy.
TSNIITOCHMASH has created several generations of means of protection against high-precision weapons. The company has developed protective equipment for the PRP-4A Argus reconnaissance vehicle, the Uragan-1M MLRS, and other combat vehicles. Earlier it was reported that a new complex of protection of armored vehicles from high-precision guided munitions is being developed here. New complexit is based on the principle of optoelectronic suppression of targeting systems of attacking guided munitions, it includes equipment that records the shot and the firing sector, as well as a system for setting optoelectronic interference, which with the help of aerosol ammunition disrupts the control of the attacking projectile. Perhaps we are talking about a new ammunition.
It has a caliber of 76 mm, weighs 2.8 kilograms, other characteristics are not disclosed. Previously, classic white smoke was used in such ammunition, but it does not protect against radio waves. When a new munition is detonated, miniature dipole and mirror reflectors are released into the atmosphere, as well as other fine substances that can distort radio waves and blindoptoelectronic systems. Now the smoke protection will get an irregular appearance, when fired, it shimmers with all the colors of the rainbow and sparkles with flickering lights. Therefore, unlike similar systems of the previous generation, the new product has one and a half times increased the density of the combined curtain, which disorients ammunition with laser, optical, thermal and radar guidance.
The ammunition will be used as part of the defensive armament of existing and future models of armored vehicles in any climatic conditions. It will be unified for use with already well-established active protection systems, as well as in combination with modern electronic warfare systems.
The development of active protection systems for armored vehicles began in the USSR. In the 1980s, the Drozd system was created, which recorded enemy missile launches, fired a protective charge that hit an approaching munition with a fragmentation field. Then there was a modification of the complex “Drozd-2”, in which the number of launchers was increased, providing protection for armored vehicles from any direction. Later in the USSR, and then in the Russian Federation, other similar systems were developed, for example, the “Curtain-1” complex, which uses foranti-missile aerosol curtains that disrupt the targeting process. It was reported that at the moment, Russia is developing a complex “Afganit”, which can detect ammunition at a distance of up to several kilometers and use various means to “blind” them or defeat them. “Afganit” is intended for installation, in particular, on T-14 “Armata” tanks.Anatoly Tsyganok, head of the Center for Military Forecasting, believes that the new ammunition can radically increase the survivability of Russian armored vehicles on the battlefield.:
Modern armored vehicles are resistant to firing from different types of small arms and various projectiles, but a number of weapons systems pose a serious danger to them. These are, first of all, missiles with a cumulative warhead, they are capable of spot-burning even thick metal armor. Protect armored vehiclesvarious types of active protection help, for example, the Israeli Trophy complex fires small balls at missiles, and the new optoelectronic counteraction complex based on the Armata platform releases smoke grenades with smoke impassable for several types of radiation, the expert explained.